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Kidney stones: two best precautions and treatment options

2018-04-14 13:59

The pain of kidney stones may be understood only by former patients and never again. The so-called kidney stones, is a common urinary system disorders, in order to avoid suffering from the disease, we can take some precautions.

Drink plenty of water. Remember, dehydration is one of the main causes of kidney stones. Dehydration is easy on hot days and water intake needs to be increased. Active people should drink at least 16-20 ounces (480-600 milliliters) of water before one or two hours of outdoor exercise.In general, 60-64 ounces (about 1800-1920 ml) of water are consumed daily. Symptoms of dehydration include fatigue, loss of appetite, redness of the skin, heat resistance, slight dizziness, dark urine, and dry cough.

Kidney stones: two best precautions and treatment options

Limit sodium intake. This will reduce the amount of calcium in the urine, thereby reducing the chance of calcium stone formation. You should stop adding excess salt in your diet. Another way to limit sodium is to avoid processed meats, salty convenience foods, and salty snacks.

People with a family history are more likely to have kidney stones, and those who have had a kidney stone are more likely to have a recurrence. It is important to treat kidney stones, proper hydration and a healthy diet. Limit high-protein foods, including meat, eggs and fish; limit cooked food and fast foods, these foods often contain high salt.

Symptoms of kidney stones maybe include: urination pain; hematuria; abdominal pain; upper back pain.There are many treatments for renal calculi.There are many treatment options for kidney stones. Even some small stones are likely to exist for many years without any symptoms.

When kidney stones make you uncomfortable, ask your doctor to prescribe some medication to let them discharge naturally. However, the onset of the drug must be early in kidney stones. For larger stones, the following safe surgical treatments are available:

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. Kidney stones are broken down into small pieces using sound waves and then naturally discharged.

Ureteroscopic surgery. Insert the speculum into the ureter, use a laser to break the stone, and then remove the debris. There are also some debris that may be discharged through the urine. 

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy. A small incision of about 1 inch was made in the back and a larger or less easily removed stone was removed through the incision. Patients are usually discharged within two days.

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