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What are the treatment methods of acute renal failure in eac

2016-12-27 11:43
What is the treatment of acute renal failure? Acute renal failure is one of the most common symptoms of the disease, is the sudden loss of renal function caused by renal circulatory failure or renal tubular changes, can lead to the accumulation of toxins, causing metabolic acidosis. So what is the treatment of acute renal failure?.
Now with the change of life, there are a lot of people do not pay attention to health and diet, for a long time, it will cause the onset of acute renal failure, it is a potentially chronic kidney disease, will seriously harm to the patient's health. The treatment of the disease in medicine is divided into three periods: oliguria, diuresis and recovery. There are differences in the methods of treating these diseases in these three periods.
Treatment of acute renal failure during oliguria
1 remove the etiology and treatment principles of disease: prerenal ARF should rectify the systemic hemodynamic disorder, including fluid infusion, infusion of plasma and albumin, control of infection, contact kidney toxins, strictly control the renal toxicity of antibiotics medication indications, and adjusted according to renal function outside the dose to closely monitor changes in urine volume and renal function.
2 control of water and sodium intake: adhere to the principle of living within our means, strictly limit the water, with intake, dialysis support may be appropriate to relax the intake of liquid.
3 dialysis treatment under the guidance of doctors.
4 to correct metabolic acidosis: mild to moderate metabolic acidosis generally do not require treatment.
5 diet and nutrition: should choose high sugar, low protein, vitamin rich foods, as much as possible to provide enough energy.
6 correct electrolyte disorder: the treatment including hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia.
(two) treatment of acute renal failure during diuresis
Early stage diuretic renal tubular function, and GFR has not been restored, serum creatinine, serum potassium and acid poisoning continues to rise, with more urine, also can appear hypokalemia and hyponatremia and electrolyte disorder, it should monitor the urine volume, blood pressure and electrolyte into, correct water and electrolyte disorders, when plasma creatinine is close to the normal level, should increase in dietary protein intake.
(three) recovery of acute renal failure
This period the kidney is common to return to normal, but can leave malnutrition, anemia and immunity is low, a few patients left irreversible kidney common damage should rest and strengthen nutrition, prevention and treatment of infection.
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