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Dietary problems and examination in patients with renal fail

2016-12-25 18:30
B ultrasound can check out the symptoms of chronic renal failure
Little urine period. Decreased urine volume caused by hyperkalemia, water intoxication (severe edema, elevated blood pressure, pulmonary edema or brain edema), metabolic acidosis and acute uremia symptoms. Hyperkalemia and water intoxication were the main causes of death.
Multiple urinary phase. Renal tubular epithelial cells regenerative repair urine volume gradually increased, so that blood potassium, blood sodium decreased, continuous polyuria patients can die of dehydration and electrolyte disorders.
Recovery period. Urine volume decreased to normal after polyuria, blood BUN, creatinine (SCR) and electrolyte returned to normal level, but renal tubular function and structure returned to normal still need 3 ~ 6 months. Failure to recover into chronic renal failure. Although non oliguria type of urine volume, but blood BUN, SCR increased daily and appear toxic symptoms, due to kidney injury is light, so prognosis is good.
Dietary problems in patients with renal failure:
Protein: excessive intake of protein will aggravate the burden on the kidney, while protein intake is insufficient and can not maintain normal physiological needs. For patients with nephrotic syndrome, the daily protein intake should be based on how much protein loss in the urine to determine, with the daily 1.5-2.0G/KG weight is moderate, with high quality protein foods such as meat, eggs, milk, fish is good.
Two, although the salt is the main source of sodium in the diet, but some high sodium foods such as beef jerky, beef, shrimp, sea cucumber, egg, instant noodles, Salted Duck Egg, Deep-Fried Dough Sticks, mustard, seaweed, Pickled Potherb Mustard also should not eat. We should limit the intake of lipids, with less oil and low cholesterol diet as well, but also should not eat fishy, shrimp, crab, pickles, sauce, pickled tofu, bacon, sausage, bacon and other salty food, fertilizer, tobacco, wine vinegar and garlic, leek, stimulating food onions and other spicy products, raw fruit also should not eat.
Three, do not eat salt less water: salt limited water on high blood pressure, edema, oliguria of chronic renal failure patients is necessary, so as not to cause excessive water sodium retention, increased edema and hypertension. But not all patients should limit water and salt. If there is no hypertension, edema and oliguria, should not limit the intake of water, salt. Not eating salt can lead to sodium deficiency, muscle spasm, hypotension, low blood volume, orthostatic hypotension and renal damage. Even if there are edema and oliguria symptoms, should also take a low salt diet, appropriate control of water intake.
After reading these articles is not also have a lot of harvest, by checking their disease timely treatment, renal failure and disease diet problem is we should pay attention to part.
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