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Renal failure and complications of renal failure

2016-12-25 18:28
We search to know, in any kind of disease will be on their own physical examination, but we all need to do what inspection? Experts pointed out that the inspection of renal failure, the inspection criteria are as follows:
1 urine color: dark, cloudy, sometimes dark red or soy sauce, urine protein (1+) - (21+);
2 urine proportion is low: because kidney tube condense function drops, uric specific gravity falls below 1. 015;
3 urine sediment type: visible red blood cells, white blood cells, epithelial cells and tube under microscope;
4 urine volume: oliguria 250ml/ (M2D), or school-age children with 400m1/24h, no urine 50ml/ (M2D);
5 urinary sodium: increased urine sodium, urinary sodium often 50mmol/L, normal urine sodium 30mmol/L;
6 urine creatinine and urea nitrogen determination: acute renal failure excretion reduction, urinary creatinine excretion more than lg/d (normal value lg/d), urinary urea nitrogen excretion 10g/d (normal value 15g/d).
7 urine osmotic pressure: urinary osmotic pressure landing, often 350mOsm/L;
To understand the renal failure after the examination we also know the complications of renal failure: common acute renal failure complications are mainly six kinds
5 blood system complications due to a sharp decline in renal function, can reduce erythropoietin, causing anemia, but most are not serious. A small number of cases due to reduced coagulation factors, there may be bleeding tendency.
3 neurologic complications included headache, somnolence, muscle spasm, coma, epilepsy, etc.. Neurological complications are associated with toxins retention in the body, water intoxication, electrolyte disturbances, and acid-base imbalance.
1 infection is one of the most common and severe complications of acute renal failure, which is more common in severe trauma, burns and other high resolution acute renal failure.
6 electrolyte disorders, metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia can occur, hyponatremia and severe acidosis, is one of the most dangerous complications of acute renal failure.
2 cardiovascular complications, including heart failure, arrhythmia, pericarditis, hypertension etc.,
4 experts pointed out that the digestive system complications include anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, vomiting or irregular hematochezia, bleeding is due to gastrointestinal mucosal erosion or ulcer caused by stress.
See some of the above mentioned on renal failure inspection methods, we found abnormal in the body, as soon as possible to the hospital for examination and treatment.
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