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Key points of family nursing for hypertensive nephropathy

2017-03-03 14:25

The incidence of hypertension in 5-10 years may develop into hypertensive nephropathy, statistics show that about 10% ~ 15% of essential hypertension will develop to renal function

Insufficiency. 20% of end-stage renal disease in China is due to high blood pressure. Long term high blood pressure will gradually decline in renal function, as a result of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen

Blood uric acid and so on, as well as proteinuria, hematuria and edema, and even lead to renal failure. The patients with Hypertension Nephropathy in ordinary daily life

Pay attention to their diet in the diet, how should we care about the following we will introduce the family care of patients with hypertensive nephropathy notes.

Hypertensive nephropathy patients need to pay attention to diet:

1, hypertensive nephropathy patients need to pay attention to the salt diet

Diet should be light, eat less salty food; eat too much salt, can make blood vessels sclerosis and blood pressure. WHO: daily salt intake per person

Below 6 grams. For patients with high blood pressure, limited salt can make blood pressure return to normal

The curative effect of the medicine can also reduce the dosage of the antihypertensive drugs, thereby greatly reducing the side effects and the drug expenses of the antihypertensive drugs.

Beware of invisible salt: cooked tomato sauce, MSG, soy sauce, mustard, pickles, pickles and pickled sausage, lunch meat, Beef in Brown Sauce, Roasted Chicken etc.

Frozen food, canned food and instant food, desserts, snacks, ice cream, beverages.

2, hypertensive nephropathy patients need to pay attention to eat sweets

Sweets high sugar content, can be converted into fat in the body, easy to promote atherosclerosis

3, hypertensive nephropathy patients need to pay attention to eat less animal fat

Animals with high cholesterol, can accelerate atherosclerosis. Such as liver, kidney, brain, heart, etc..

4, hypertensive nephropathy patients need to pay attention to quit smoking less wine

Hypertensive patients with alcohol addiction, due to excessive alcohol induced heart, brain and kidney damage.

5, hypertensive nephropathy patients need to pay attention to eat food containing potassium (Note: the crowd is normal renal function)

Potassium can buffer sodium in vivo. Food: soybean, bean, tomato, pumpkin, celery, fresh mushrooms and green leafy vegetables; fruits

Oranges, apples, bananas, pears, kiwi, persimmon, pineapple, walnuts, watermelon, etc..

6, hypertensive nephropathy patients should pay attention to eat high quality protein and vitamin food

Such as fish, milk, lean meat, eggs, beans and soy products.

7, hypertensive nephropathy patients need to pay attention to intake of protein

Protein is an essential nutrient for the human body, but if the protein intake is too high, it will increase the burden on the kidneys, increase kidney damage; if insufficient intake

, will affect the body's nutritional supply. Therefore, patients should be based on the status of renal function to determine protein intake: no significant renal damage, protein

Intake control at about 50g per day, if there is a significant abnormality in serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, protein intake should be reduced to 20 to 40g per day.

8, hypertensive nephropathy patients need to pay attention to control the supply of heat

The right amount of heat should be based on the condition of the disease, generally to maintain ideal weight as a standard. Because these patients often have lipid metabolism disorder, so reduce

Low fat intake not only helps to control calories, but also improve metabolic disorders.

9, hypertensive nephropathy patients need to pay attention to low salt, high vitamin diet

Patients with hypertensive nephropathy should control the intake of salt, avoid salt food; food preservatives should also eat less. Adequate intake of vitamins

Vitamin B is beneficial to regulate metabolism in the body, if necessary, take vitamin supplements.

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