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What are the advanced symptoms of renal failure?

2016-12-27 17:30
Renal failure is divided into acute and chronic two kinds according to its acute exacerbation. Acute renal failure due to a variety of diseases resulting in two kidneys in a short time lost excretion function, referred to as acute renal failure. Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a syndrome consisting of a group of clinical symptoms which is caused by various causes of chronic nephropathy. According to the degree of renal damage in patients with chronic renal failure will be divided into 4 stages: the renal function reserve in patients with asymptomatic decline. Compensatory stage of renal insufficiency. The renal function of patients with decompensated, fatigue, loss of appetite and anemia. The stage of uremia, with symptoms of uremia. This disease to the patient's physical and mental health hazards are great, but also pose a great threat to the human body. Renal failure objectively is a very serious disease, if patients don't hurry, progression to the late time, the consequences are difficult to imagine, is likely a direct threat to the life safety of patients to health brings great challenges. A lot of people are afraid of the late stage of renal failure, so what are the symptoms of late renal failure?
Experts pointed out: it is the progression of nephropathy of kidney damage caused by various reasons of the deterioration of the performance of end-stage renal function, close to about 10% normal people, the emergence of a series of syndrome usually have relatively long duration, according to the degree of renal damage is divided into compensatory stage of renal insufficiency, renal insufficiency decompensation and said azotemia, end-stage renal failure stage, also known as uremia.
Late symptoms of renal failure: the most common clinical is the hematopoietic system, anemia and bleeding tendency most common. The cardiovascular system, hypertension, arrhythmia, heart failure, pericarditis, pericardial effusion can be part of the patient. And respiratory system, breath ammonia flavor, breathing slightly fast and deep, severe when uremic pneumonia, pleural effusion. There are digestive system, there are uremia gastritis, colitis, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and urine taste in the mouth, etc.. Nervous system, easy fatigue, memory loss, irritability and insomnia; terminal can appear lethargy, delirium, coma and mania etc..
Some patients also will appear in clinical, water, electrolyte and acid-base balance disorders; renal function of concentration decreased, can appear nocturia; glomerular filtration rate decreased, resulting in oliguria; skin and mucosa, such as pigmentation, skin itching can also appear low sodium or low blood potassium, phosphorus and calcium. Lower and high potassium, and the corresponding symptoms.
Expert tip: nephrotic patients in the late stage will appear a series of symptoms, hope our patients friends will not appear these symptoms, has maintained good physical quality.
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