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Symptoms of diabetic nephropathy at different stages

2017-07-21 16:39

Now people's life is getting better and better, but there are many diseases at the same time. Diabetic nephropathy is one of them. How much do you know about diabetic nephropathy? The following is a detailed presentation of the symptoms of diabetic nephropathy at various stages.

Diabetic nephropathy has no obvious symptoms in the first stage, but the glomerular filtration rate is increased by renal function test.

In the second stage, the patient still has no obvious symptoms, and the urinary protein excretion rate is normal at rest, that is, <20 micrograms per minute, and the urinary albumin excretion rate increases during exercise and other stress states. During this period, the glomerular filtration rate is still high or normal. If renal biopsy is performed, early glomerular lesions can be identified.

The third stage, also known as early diabetic nephropathy, from this period it began to appear obvious abnormalities, continued microalbuminuria in renal function tests, the urinary protein excretion rate continued in 20 - 200 micrograms / minutes in this period, but protein is still negative in urine routine test. Glomerular filtration rate is generally normal at this stage and hypertension begins to develop. Once the diabetic nephropathy develops to this stage, the renal lesion is irreversible.

The fourth stage is clinical nephropathy period, main characteristics in this period is proteinuria, urinary protein excretion rate >3.5 grams / day, urine protein is positive in urine routine test, typical urinary protein can be found in the urine namely urine bubble, and the bubble lasts for a long time. In addition, high blood pressure, edema, etc. appear in patients.

The last stage, or the fifth stage, is renal failure, which is often referred to as end-stage renal disease. From the onset of massive proteinuria, the patient's renal function deteriorates rapidly until renal failure. The patients in this stage do not show urinary protein reduction, patients in this period showed significant hypertension and edema, and anemia, and because patients were often malnourished, so more prone to other complications such as retinopathy.

Have read the introduction above, I believe that we have a more profound understanding of diabetic nephropathy, and know that symptoms in different periods of diabetic nephropathy are not the same. If you have any further questions, please contact our online doctor or leave a message. We will reply you as soon as possible.

Symptoms of diabetic nephropathy at different stages

 

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