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Staging criteria for renal failure

2016-12-26 15:34
Chronic renal failure disease has become endanger the patients health a serious disease, and the disease of chronic renal failure in incidence in recent years gradually improved so that people are very worried, we all want to know about the staging of chronic renal failure, to help people more correct understanding of this disease.
Staging criteria for renal failure:
Phase 1: compensatory phase of renal function: glomerular filtration rate decreased to 30-60 ml / min during renal compensatory stage, while normal glomerular filtration rate was 120 liters per minute. The nephron reduction about 20%-25%. renal reserve capacity has been lost, but for the excretion of metabolites, regulation of water electrolyte and acid-base balance ability is good, so no special clinical manifestations, serum muscle enzymes and blood urea nitrogen is usually normal or sometimes slightly increased.
The two phase: azotemia: chronic renal failure stage? Azotemia glomerular filtration rate decreased to 25 ml / min, nephron reduction 50%-70%, concentration of renal dysfunction, appeared nocturia or polyuria, often have varying degrees of anemia, azotemia, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen levels.
The three stage: the stage of renal failure (uremia period): renal failure stage of glomerular filtration rate decreased to 10-15 ml per minute, nephron reduction of about 70%-90%, renal function is severely impaired, can not maintain the metabolism and water electrolyte and acid-base balance in the body. Can not keep the body environment stable. Can have obvious anemia and gastrointestinal symptoms. Can also have neuropsychiatric symptoms.
Renal failure stage everyone should already know, but renal failure disease rate is particularly high, should strengthen the nursing work can, let us try to understand what are the relevant nursing measures on renal failure.
Nursing measures for renal failure:
Control diet structure. Avoid excessive acid intake, increased acidity. Chronic renal failure diet taboo diet acid-base balance for diabetes treatment and prevention of complications is a very important link. Diet to eat more organic active organic plant foods, eat less meat, eat more vegetables. The ancient Qamma is rich in plant organic active alkali, can rapidly eliminate acid poison, clear urine acid poisoning, so as to truly protect the kidney. Don't eat contaminated food, such as contaminated water, crops, poultry and fish balls, to eat some green organic food, to prevent the Disease enters by the mouth. Stay away from smoke and alcohol. Tobacco and alcohol are typical of acidic foods, uncontrolled drinking and smoking, the body can easily lead to acidification, which take advantage of nephropathy.
Law of life. Irregular habits of people, such as singing Cara OK night, playing mahjong, night and other life without rules, will increase the physical acidification. Easy to suffer from diabetes. We should develop good habits, so as to maintain a weak alkaline, so far from their nephropathy.
Keep a good mood. Do not have too much psychological pressure, excessive pressure will lead to acidic deposition, affecting the normal metabolism. Proper regulation of mood and self stress can maintain alkaline constitution, thereby preventing the occurrence of chronic renal failure.
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