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What is the common type of acute renal failure

2016-12-25 16:50
Renal failure is a kind of special syndrome, is a disease of kidney disease, the symptoms are interstitial fibrosis and scar formation, due to various reasons such as a glomerular, symptoms, for common types of acute renal failure in this disease. Acute renal failure, referred to as acute renal failure, is a special syndrome. The severity of disease and clinical treatment measures also affect the pathological changes of kidney. After treatment the condition improved after light, lesions disappeared; severe involvement was not repaired, interstitial fibrosis and scar formation, which also showed glomerular atrophy, hyaline degeneration, resulting in persistent renal damage in different degree.
(1): in the early stage of ischemic shock, trauma caused by renal failure, no glomerular changes, proximal tubule vacuolar degeneration of tubular epithelial cells, cilia shedding, there may be severe renal tubular necrosis, necrotic areas surrounded by inflammatory cell infiltration, distal tubules and tube lumen expansion set, a tubular lumen.
(2) acute interstitial inflammation: the kidney generally increased, renal interstitial edema, cell infiltration and collagen hyperplasia. Normal glomerulus, normal renal or interstitial fibrosis.
(3) nephrotoxic type: proximal tubule epithelial cells showed fusion like necrosis, necrosis cells and exudate filled lumen, severe damage to tubule rupture. Distal convoluted tubules may also be involved in necrosis and degenerative changes. Renal interstitial edema and inflammatory cell infiltration.
How to prevent the occurrence of acute renal failure?
Prevention of acute renal failure is mainly to prevent and cure primary disease, avoid and eliminate induced factors is the root of prevention. Therefore, pay attention to the following 3 points:
(1) to the five internal organs, usually living, diet, pay attention to hygiene, avoid evil, especially in the infectious disease epidemic season and regions should strengthen preventive measures; however, eat spicy Atsumi sunburn Huang, to prevent the breeding of damp heat; regulating emotions, maintain a happy, make blood unobstructed and avoid the occurrence of qi stagnation and blood stasis; strengthen physical exercise, improve the body's defenses.
(2) prevention of poisoning: the data indicate that most of the acute renal failure is caused by drugs, and some due to exposure to harmful substances.
(3) prevention and treatment in time: once induced the occurrence of acute renal failure of the primary disease, should be treated early, pay attention to expand blood volume, correct water, electrolyte disorders and acid-base imbalance, restore circulatory function. If it is found that the disease will occur, should take early measures to supplement the blood volume, increase cardiac output, the recovery of renal perfusion flow and glomerular filtration rate, eliminate intratubular obstruction, prevention of infection, prevention of renal parenchyma caused by renal ischemia damage, DIC. At the same time as soon as possible the application of Huoxue Huayu drugs, to prevent the occurrence of this disease has a positive effect.
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