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Serious harm to kidney failure

2016-12-25 15:20
Do you know the harm of renal failure, together to understand the serious harm of kidney failure disease?
Chronic renal failure:
1, chronic renal failure period. The glomerular filtration rate of 10--15 ml / min, renal function is severely impaired, patients have obvious clinical symptoms: obvious azotemia, isotonic urine, metabolic acidosis, water and sodium retention, hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, severe anemia, decreased appetite, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, spirit, low-spirited inattention, easy for uremia.
2, renal reserve loss period. Compensatory stage of chronic renal failure. The glomerular filtration rate decreased to 30--60 ml / min, blood creatinine and urea nitrogen in normal or slightly higher, in this period, although renal reserve capacity loss, but the renal excretion of metabolic waste, regulation of water electrolyte and acid-base balance ability can still maintain a stable internal environment.
3, chronic renal failure uremia. Residual glomerular filtration rate of less than 10--15 ml / min, is the late stage of chronic renal failure. The symptoms of renal failure were more obvious, multiple body system damage appeared corresponding symptoms, especially in gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and central nervous system symptoms more obvious. Serum creatinine, urea nitrogen increased significantly, water electrolyte imbalance, obvious metabolic acidosis, hyponatremia and Gao Jia blood, serum calcium significantly decreased, serum phosphorus increased, likely to endanger the life of patients.
4, the period of nitrogen. The glomerular filtration rate of 25 ml / min, with azotemia that serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen increased, the renal function of concentration with mild impairment, patients can have mild symptoms, such as polyuria, nocturia, mild anemia, easy to be ignored. In this period, such as the body encountered insufficient blood volume, infection, renal toxicity drugs additional load, the renal function deteriorated rapidly, kidney failure and uremia.
We understand the harmful diseases of renal failure by looking at a small series of reports, that such disease is indeed serious diseases, especially in patients with renal damage to health, so when the disease of renal failure, we need to do the positive and correct treatment and care, do not miss the best opportunity for treatment.
Renal failure is a pathological condition in which some or all of the renal functions are caused by the development of various chronic kidney diseases. Renal failure can be divided into acute renal failure and chronic renal failure, acute renal failure in the condition of rapid progress, usually due to insufficient supply of renal blood flow and renal function damage caused by obstruction due to certain factors or by poison damage caused by acute renal failure. Chronic renal failure is the main cause of long-term renal disease, with time and disease, kidney function gradually decreased, resulting in the occurrence of renal failure.
The most critical stage of illness, severe internal environment disorder. Patients may appear oliguria (<400ml/ days) or no urine (<100ml/ days), low specific gravity urine, high urinary sodium, hematuria, proteinuria, tubular urine, etc.. Severe patients can appear water poisoning, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis and nitrogen acidemia, endangering the life of patients. This period lasts for a few days to a few weeks, and the longer it lasts, the worse the prognosis.
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