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Symptoms associated with chronic renal failure

2016-12-24 10:46
A: gastrointestinal tract is the earliest and the most common symptoms of anorexia (loss of appetite, the earliest) nausea and vomiting, abdominal distension, tongue, oral ulcers, oral ammonia odor, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage;
Two, the blood system: anemia; bleeding tendency: for skin and mucosa bleeding, after dialysis can improve; abnormal white blood cells: reduction, chemotaxis, phagocytosis and bactericidal ability weakened, prone to infection, after dialysis can improve;
Three, renal osteodystrophy: can cause spontaneous fractures; symptoms are rare, such as bone pain, walking inconvenience etc.;
Four, cardiovascular system: renal failure is the most common cause of death, including hypertension, heart failure, pericarditis, atherosclerosis;
Five, neuromuscular manifestations: early: fatigue, insomnia, inattention, personality change, increase the neuromuscular excitability; mental disorders; late: peripheral neuropathy, motor nerve sensory nerve is significant, paresthesia; myasthenia gravis; dialysis disequilibrium syndrome: nausea and vomiting, headache, severe the emergence of convulsion.
Six, respiratory system manifestations: acidosis and deep breathing; uremic bronchitis, pneumonia and pleurisy (butterfly wing) etc.;
Seven, skin symptoms: itchy skin, face cream urea deposition, uremia;
Eight, endocrine disorders: hormones produced by the kidney decreased; the degradation of hormones in the kidney can rise;
Nine, easy concurrent severe infection: fever is not normal when infected obviously;
Ten, metabolic disorders and other hypothermia; abnormal glucose metabolism: normal in patients with impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes: insulin dosage should be reduced; abnormal lipid metabolism: TC normal, TG, LDL, VLDL increased, HDL decreased, dialysis can not correct, arteriosclerosis in patients with chronic dialysis early; hyperuricemia: GFR<20 the damaged, uric acid clearance, rare occurrence of gouty arthritis.
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