home >>

What are the symptoms of renal failure

2016-12-25 13:38
People know that renal failure is harm of serious diseases, but there are still many people for renal failure diseases do not know, do not know this disease will have symptoms, then what about early detection and early treatment,
Below please nephrotic experts to tell you about renal failure symptoms.
Symptoms of renal failure:
1 little urine period
The most critical stage of illness, severe internal environment disorder. Patients may appear oliguria (<400ml/ days) or no urine (<100ml/ days), low specific gravity urine (1.010 ~ 1.020), high urinary sodium, hematuria, proteinuria, tubular urine, etc.. Severe patient can appear
Water intoxication, hyperkalemia (often for the cause of death), metabolic acidosis (can promote hyperkalemia occurrence) and nitrogen qualitative blood disease (progressive aggravation can appear uremia), endanger patient life. This lasts for a few days to a few weeks.
The prognosis is poor.
More than 2 urine
Urine output gradually increased after oliguria, when the daily urine volume exceeds 500ml, that is, into the polyuria period. Since then, urine volume doubled daily, the highest urinary volume of 3000-6000ml per day, or even up to 10000ml. In the initial stage of multiple urine,
Although the volume of urine increased, but the clearance rate of kidney was still low, the accumulation of metabolites in vivo remained. About 4 to 5 days later, serum urea nitrogen and creatinine gradually decreased with the increase of urine volume, uremia symptoms also improved. Potassium, sodium, chlorine and other electrolytes
A large amount of discharge from the urine can lead to electrolyte disorder or dehydration, it should be noted that the peak period of oliguria may be converted to hypokalemia. This period lasts for 1 to 2 weeks.
3 recovery period
Urine volume gradually returned to normal, 3 ~ 12 months of renal function gradually recovered, most patients with renal function can return to normal level, only a few patients into chronic renal failure.
What are the early symptoms of chronic renal failure.
1, hyponatremia and hypernatremia due to nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, excessive sodium loss, renal tubular sodium reabsorption less susceptible to hyponatremia, manifested as fatigue, anorexia, severe hypotension or even coma. Such as sudden increase
Sodium intake prone to sodium retention, high blood pressure edema and heart failure.
2, dehydration or excessive water: normal kidney water metabolism can be a larger range of regulation. Renal failure due to concentrated dysfunction, nocturia, polyuria, and loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, easy to cause the water loss. Due to renal drainage
Poor ability, more water or improper rehydration, prone to water retention, manifested as edema, hypertension, heart failure and even pulmonary edema, brain edema and other serious consequences.
3, high potassium and hypokalemia: renal failure, urinary potassium excretion decreased and less increase of catabolism, metabolic acidosis, extracellular potassium to transfer and retention of potassium diuretics or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, can lead to severe hyperkalemia.
4, systemic symptoms: fatigue, backache, nocturia and other mild discomfort; a minority of patients with anorexia, metabolic acidosis and mild anemia.
please leave a message if you have questions,experts will reply to you soon,and help you relieve the pain.
Join over 37,000 people who receive bi-weekly professional nephropathy guidance.