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What are the serious complications of acute nephritis?

2017-10-23 17:22

Acute nephritis is unusually severe when it attacks, under normal circumstances will make patients completely bedridden and often accompanied by very serious complications, so what are the specific complications?

What are the serious complications of acute nephritis?

Acute congestive heart failure: acute left heart failure can become the first symptom of acute nephritis in children, if not timely correct diagnosis and differential diagnosis and rescue, can lead to rapid death of children.

In acute nephritis, due to the retention of water and sodium, systemic edema and increased blood volume, congestion of pulmonary circulation is common, and it is easy to develop acute congestive heart failure. In the absence of acute heart failure in patients,patients often have shortness of breath, cough and lung wet rales and a little thin bottom pulmonary congestion symptoms. When the patient has respiratory tract infection, the pulmonary circulation congestion is easily neglected. Conversely, pulmonary congestion is mistaken for acute heart failure.

Hypertensive encephalopathy: Common symptoms are severe headache and vomiting, followed by the emergence of visual impairment, confusion, lethargy, and paroxysmal convulsion or epilepsy such as convulsions, unconsciousness, control of blood pressure after the symptoms quickly disappeared or improved, usually without sequelae.

Acute renal failure: Acute stage of acute nephritis, glomerular mesangial cells and endothelial cell proliferation, capillary stenosis and intravascular coagulation, patients with oliguria or anuria, protein decomposition products such as urea nitrogen and other toxic substances are accumulated in the blood, which can lead to acute renal failure and even uremia. This period if the timely dialysis and drug treatment, it is possible to reverse the incidence of uremia.

Secondary bacterial infection: due to systemic resistance, easy to secondary infection of acute nephritis, the most common is the lungs and urinary tract infection, when infection occurs, we should actively deal with, otherwise it can cause the original disease aggravating, while we should pay attention to the use of antibiotics kidney toxicity should be as small as possible, in order to avoid increase the burden on the kidneys.

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