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What is glomerulonephritis

2016-12-27 11:35
Many of my friends might seem strange to glomerulonephritis this disease, this is actually a nephritis nephritis and similar symptoms, anemia early will appear in hypertension, low back pain and other symptoms, it is difficult to cause the attention of the friends of patients. To make it easier for people to recognize the disease, here are some examples of the disease.
Symptoms of glomerulonephritis are mainly manifested as:
1, abnormal urine changes: chronic nephritis patients will have symptoms, including changes in urine volume and abnormal microscopic examination. Patients with edema will appear to reduce urine volume, and the more severe edema, urine volume reduction is more obvious, no edema patients urine volume most normal. When patients with severe damage to the kidneys, urine dilution dilution function after the occurrence of obstacles, there will be increased nocturnal urine volume and urine weight loss and other phenomena. The patients with chronic nephritis urine under the microscope, can be found in almost all patients had proteinuria, urinary protein content ranging from (+), (+ + + +) to.
2, anemia: chronic nephritis can have mild to moderate anemia, the majority of kidney erythropoietin reduction, to end stage nephritis, there is a severe anemia.
3: light, low back pain or low back pain, waist soreness, fatigue after the increase, parts of the costovertebral angle.
4, renal insufficiency, renal function of chronic nephritis damage mainly decreased glomerular filtration rate, creatinine clearance rate decreased, but because most patients did not drop to the normal value of 50%, the serum creatinine and urea nitrogen in the normal range, no clinical azotemia and renal insufficiency symptoms.
5, edema: most of the patients have different degrees of edema, light only in the face, eye and tissue relaxation, while throughout the body, and can have the pleural effusion and ascites.
6, hypertension: most patients will develop hypertension sooner or later, sustainability can be increased, intermittent, manifested as dizziness, headache, headache, insomnia, memory loss. Persistent hypertension can not only accelerate the deterioration of renal function, but also damage the myocardium.
7, signs: patients can have anemia appearance, lip a pale, eyelid and face even lower limbs edema, serious can have pleural effusion, ascites.
Chronic glomerulonephritis is highly occult
Each kidney is composed of 100 ~ 4 million renal units, the unit includes two parts of renal glomerulus and renal tubules, and the renal corpuscle composed of glomerulus and renal capsule. Each glomerulus has a strong ability to work, a glomerulus can even replace 3 to 4 glomerular workload. Therefore, only the number of glomerular damage reached more than half, symptoms will show.
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