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Nursing of allergic purpura nephritis

2017-06-10 16:14
When suffering from allergic purpura nephritis, patients often accompanied by more severe rash and joint pain and other symptoms, so patients need to be careful care. So how to care for allergic purpura nephritis how?
Allergic purpura nephritis can be bacteria, viruses and parasites and other infections caused by allergies, or for certain drugs, food and other allergies, or for plant pollen, insect bite caused. Usually have the following symptoms:
1. rash: the incidence of the disease and the main clinical manifestations, rash occurred in the distal limbs, buttocks and lower abdomen, multi-symmetrical distribution, slightly higher than the skin surface, may have itchy. From purpura to kidney damage interval often within 2 weeks.
2. Joint pain: common symptoms, characterized by multiple, non-migratory, multiple in the ankle.
3. Gastrointestinal symptoms: common, mainly for abdominal pain, diarrhea. Common parts for the umbilical and lower abdomen. Sometimes for paroxysmal colic. May have nausea, vomiting and bloody stools.
4. Other: even visible lymph nodes, hepatosplenomegaly and nervous system involvement such as headache, convulsions and behavioral abnormalities.
Patients with purpuric nephritis with the disease in different aspects of the diet will be different, you should be specific to the specific analysis of patients.
1, purpura nephritis diet attention to light patients in the diet should be appropriate to limit the intake of protein and salt.
2, moderate and severe cases due to relatively heavy condition, taking into account some patients with varying degrees of azotemia, even if the degree of light, its dietary control should also be strictly required.
① protein: acute purpura nephritis patients should be strictly limited early. By weight, the daily protein should be less than 0.5 g / kg, the average daily 20 to 40 grams.
② sodium salt: acute purpura nephritis patients if edema (such as obvious swelling) and high blood pressure, the diet should be used in low salt (or low sodium) diet.
③ potassium: patients with oliguria, urinary closure or elevated serum potassium, purpura nephritis diet should be limited to potassium-rich vegetables and fruits.
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