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Renal failure dialysis attention to what?

2017-05-10 19:15

Dialysis patients with renal failure require special diets and drugs. Because of their poor appetite and loss of protein during dialysis, the diet of patients with renal failure often requires a protein containing a high amount of food, that is, about 1g protein per kilogram of body weight per day. For hemodialysis patients, sodium and potassium intake should be limited to 2G per day. Should also limit the intake of foods containing high phosphorus.

Renal failure dialysis precautions:

Eat more milk, eggs, lean meat, fish and other animal protein, eat soy products and other vegetable protein, because of the low utilization of plant protein, will aggravate uremia. Protein deficiency is more common in elderly patients. Muscle atrophy, weight loss, the relative amount of protein required to be higher.

Sufficient heat to ensure the storage of human proteins. If insufficient, can lead to malnutrition; too much, can cause hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis and other diseases. The intake of calories in the cereal based foods, eat less sugar, fruit foods. Try to eat less fat, especially animal fat.

Dietary fiber can not only prevent constipation, but also help to reduce serum cholesterol and glycerin three fat. The human body needs about 20 grams of fiber per day. The content of food fiber rich potato (potato, sweet potato, etc.), coarse grains (corn flour, sorghum flour, buckwheat flour, oat noodles, etc.), vegetables, fruits and hard fruit food (peanuts, walnuts, etc.). Hemodialysis patients, if you eat 270 grams of vegetables per day, you can provide food fiber of 20 grams.

Patients with small amount of urine or less dialysis, high blood potassium, must strictly control the high potassium containing foods, such as pears, bananas, etc.. Those with severe high blood pressure, edema, or high blood sodium should control sodium intake and eat 4-5 grams of salt a day or less. Oliguria, hypertension, edema of patients, should also be strictly limited to drinking water, drinking water should not exceed the amount of urine.

The renal failure dialysis note you must understand, this is to help you to carry out accurate understanding and treatment of the premise, at the same time due to kidney failure and its harm widely, want to completely reduce the disease harm, everyone in the grasp of the renal failure dialysis note, also need to actively consult relevant experts advice.

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