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Common nephritis

2017-03-01 11:49

1 acute glomerulonephritis

It is a group of diseases characterized by acute nephritic syndrome. It is characterized by acute onset, hematuria, proteinuria, edema and hypertension, and may be associated with transient renal insufficiency. Streptococcus pneumoniae infection, while other bacteria, viruses and parasitic infections can also cause.

2 chronic glomerulonephritis

Chronic nephritis, proteinuria, hematuria, refers to hypertension, edema of the basic clinical manifestations, onset in different ways, the protracted, the slow progress of pathological changes, can have different degrees of renal dysfunction, eventually developed into a group of glomerular disease in patients with chronic renal failure. Because of the pathological types and the different stages of the disease, the main clinical manifestations are different, and the disease is persified.

3 acute interstitial nephritis

Also known as acute tubulointerstitial nephritis, is a group of renal interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration and renal tubular degeneration is the main pathological manifestations of acute kidney disease, glomerular, renal vessels are generally not involved or relatively light. Clinical manifestations of acute kidney injury. Common causes include drug allergy, infection, autoimmune disease, malignant tumor, metabolic disease and unknown etiology.

4 chronic interstitial nephritis

It is a group of clinical syndrome characterized by tubular atrophy, interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrosis. The mechanism of renal interstitial injury may involve many factors, such as heredity, immunity, infection, blood system diseases, poisoning, metabolic disturbance, urinary mechanical obstruction and renal allograft rejection. The clinical manifestations were renal tubular dysfunction and progressive chronic renal failure.

5 hepatitis B virus associated glomerulonephritis

Hepatitis B virus associated glomerulonephritis (HBV) is an immune complex glomerular disease caused by chronic hepatitis B virus infection. The clinical manifestations of varying severity, including asymptomatic abnormal urine, can also be manifested as nephrotic range proteinuria with hematuria in different degrees. There are various pathological types of renal injury, which is common in children with membranous nephropathy.

6 idiopathic acute tubulointerstitial nephritis

Refers to the clinical manifestations of reversible non oliguria acute renal injury, unknown etiology of tubulointerstitial disease. Renal pathology showed interstitial edema and mononuclear cell infiltration, but it was difficult to determine the specific etiology. Most of them are related to autoimmune diseases, some patients can be identified by the close monitoring and dynamic observation. Such as chronic active hepatitis, ulcerative colitis, autoimmune thyroid disease and so on. TINU syndrome is a special type of the uveal inflammation occurred in the course of disease, in the kidney damage before (a few weeks), at the same time or in kidney damage (weeks to months) after acute attack. Common in children, adolescents, or adult women.

 

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