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How to control high blood pressure and avoid kidney failure?

2018-01-08 17:19

In addition to the accumulation of toxins in the blood can cause kidney damage, when the kidneys are damaged, two symptoms can aggravate the progression of kidney function, narrowing your distance from uremia, that is, high blood pressure and proteinuria. Hypertension is almost accompanied by the development of kidney disease the whole process, but also affect the progress of renal function, one of the important factors. Some patients do not have high blood pressure, do not pay attention to prevention and treatment, leading to rapid deterioration of the disease to uremia. So how to control high blood pressure and avoid kidney failure?

Select the right medicine. Commonly used antihypertensive drugs have six categories: diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide, spironolactone, etc .; β-blockers such as Betaloc, Kang Xin, etc .; three types of calcium antagonists, Hi, etc .; angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, also known as Puli class such as captopril, perindopril, etc .; angiotensin II receptor I antagonists, also known as sartan, such as valsartan, irbesartan Etc .; α receptor antagonists such as terazosin hydrochloride.

Chronic renal failure due to reduced renal function drugs are subject to certain restrictions, the quality and safety of antihypertensive drugs obvious effect for the first Pulp and sartran drugs, but also to protect renal function.

Low-salt diet. Patients with high blood pressure and proteinuria need low-salt diet, daily intake of salt per person does not exceed 3g, half the normal salt intake. If there is sustained a large number of proteinuria and edema in serious cases, the amount specified in the amount prescribed by the doctor shall prevail.

Patients with different disease protein levels are different: quantitative control of urinary protein in 24 hours below 0.5g is ideal, can prevent the progression of renal function, improve glomerular filtration, 1g can also ensure the stability of renal function, but Greater than 1g may exacerbate renal function.

Reduce protein to be on time medication, regular review. There are four major classes of commonly used drugs to reduce protein: hormones, immunosuppressive agents, prophylactic or sartan antihypertensive drugs, and traditional Chinese medicines. The first two commonly used to prevent protein leakage, as the disease progresses, complications such as high blood pressure, will continue to use the latter two.

Urine protein attacks affect more factors, such as infection, diet, etc. Therefore, we must regularly check the urine protein control in the safe range.

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