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How to treat pediatric chronic kidney failure?

2017-09-19 17:19
The child is more often ill with various diseases, chronic kidney failure in children is always a lot of family worries, we need to know the methods of treating this disease, and what methods of treatment of chronic kidney failure are there?
When the glomerular filtration in children is reduced to 50% or less, the rate of growth and development of children slows down. The main reason is the lack of necessary calories. Although we do not know how many calories are enough for kidney failure, but you can consume more calories than the requirements for the child's age. Carbohydrate demands can increase calories in the diet, such as sugar, jam, bees, glucose polymers and fats, such as medium chain triglycerides.
When urea nitrogen is higher than 30MMOL / L, patients will experience nausea, vomiting and anorexia, these symptoms can be removed by limiting protein intake. Children with kidney failure still need a certain amount of protein for growth, so loss of protein is about 1.5G / (KG × D). And if necessary, add a large amount of essential amino acids from high quality protein, such as eggs, milk, meat, fish, chicken and poultry. Milk because of the high-phosphorus content, you can not drink too much. You can use glucose, peanut butter to add a food class to heat.
Because of inadequate nutrition or dialysis, children with renal insufficiency may experience water-soluble vitamin deficiency, it must be constantly added. If there are not enough trace elements - iron, zinc, then you need to add. If the fat-soluble vitamins are not sufficient, do not add.
Because of excessive intake of potassium, acidosis or aldosterone insufficiency. Even with moderate renal failure, hypertensive syndrome may occur. Most children with kidney failure may not have hypertensive syndrome, but if further progresses to kidney function, then dialysis should be performed.

How to treat pediatric chronic kidney failure

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