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What are the stages of chronic kidney failure?

2017-07-30 16:23
What are the stages of chronic kidney failure? Renal failure is pided into chronic renal failure and acute renal failure. Chronic renal failure can be pided into five periods: renal function, azo, renal failure and uremia. Here are five stages of chronic kidney failure.

Renal function compensatory period of chronic renal failure. This period glomerular filtration rate reduced to 30-60 ml/min, serum creatinine and urea nitrogen check normal or slightly on the high side, then renal reserve capacity has been lost, but to excrete metabolic product, regulating water, electrolyte and acid-base balance ability is good, can still maintain the body's internal environment stable.

Nephropathy azotemia of chronic renal failure. This phase of the glomerular filtration rate reduced to 25 ml/min, nephron decreased by 50% - 50%, renal dysfunction in night urination or polyuria, varying degrees of anemia, feel fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and systemic mild discomfort, etc. Serious also can appear vomiting, diarrhoea. If any infection or use of nephrotoxic drugs can cause renal function to decline rapidly and fail.

Chronic renal failure. Kidney damage has been more severe in this period, and the damage to the kidneys has reached 75 % ~ 95 %. The function of the kidneys is no longer enough to keep the body in stable condition. Patients with chronic renal failure may have obvious anemia and gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite. There are also symptoms of fatigue, inattention, and lack of concentration. Anemia is very obvious, night urine also appears to increase, blood creatinine, urea nitrogen rise is very apparent, and often can appear acidosis, this period also called kidney failure period.

Uremia of chronic renal failure. The patients with chronic renal failure characterized by systemic viscera function failure, such as increased blood pressure, flustered, chest tightness, nausea, vomiting, restlessness, cannot lay down, breathing difficulties, severe anemia, convulsions, serious coma, need to rely on dialysis to sustain life, often can be due to cerebral edema, pulmonary edema, heart failure and sudden death.

What are the stages of chronic kidney failure

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