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What are the common complications of nephrotic syndrome?

2017-07-01 10:47

1, the most common is infection, can occur in the respiratory tract, digestive tract, skin, urinary system and so on.

Respiratory tract infection: the performance of cough, sore throat, fever, etc., to check blood routine. Serious need to take chest radiographs. Such as long-term fever, need to check tuberculosis.

Digestive tract infection: manifested as vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, mucus bloody stool, etc., need to check routine and blood.

Skin infections: the performance of skin redness, local pain, swelling and so on.

Urinary system infection: the performance of urinary frequency, urgency, dysuria, fever, and sometimes after the urine, etc., to check urinary and urine culture.

Other: conjunctivitis, urethral stomatitis and so on.

Precautions: oral care, urethral care, hand washing, ventilation, diet hygiene, keep the skin clean, pay attention to a ditch skin care.

2, thrombosis

Nephrotic syndrome is not remission, in a hypercoagulable state, prone to thrombosis.

This is a very serious complication that can endanger life. Thrombosis can occur in the lung, brain, renal vein, lower extremity arteries and veins, mesenteric vessels and so on.

Pulmonary embolism: not seen, can be weak, chest tightness, shortness of breath, cough, hemoptysis, severe cases can be sudden death, pulmonary artery CT examination can be diagnosed.

Cerebral embolism: can show headache, vomiting, and even convulsions, head of the blood vessels can be diagnosed.

Renal vein thrombosis: can be expressed as low back pain, gross hematuria, bilateral kidney ranging from vigilance, renal vascular ultrasound or CT examination can help.

Lower extremity arterial thrombosis: the performance of limb pain, feeling numb, limb limb, activity disorders.

Venous thrombosis of the lower limbs: the performance of ipsilateral limb swelling prominent.

Mesenteric vascular thrombosis: the performance of abdominal pain, refractory ascites and so on. Severe intestinal wall necrosis, the emergence of peritonitis.

Preventive measures: nephrotic syndrome is not remission of anticoagulant therapy, prevention of thrombosis, commonly used drugs: dipyridamole, heparin. The occurrence of vomiting and diarrhea timely rehydration, prevention of blood concentration.

3, low blood volume shock

For serious complications, life-threatening.

Occur in the nephrotic syndrome is not alleviated, and poor eating, drinking less, vomiting and diarrhea.

Performance: poor spirit, weakness, hands and feet cold, blood pressure drop or not measured.

Preventive measures: to ensure that children with basic eating and drinking water, such as vomiting and diarrhea, timely fill salt solution.

4, hypokalemia, hyponatremia and so on

Occur in poor eating, vomiting and diarrhea.

Performance: poor spirit, fatigue and so on.

Prevention: Ensure that basic salt intake, vomiting and diarrhea are supplemented with saline solution.

5, acute renal insufficiency

Can show reduced urine output, increased blood pressure, increased serum creatinine.

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