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What are the diet for patients in stage 3 of chronic renal

2017-05-05 18:49

What is a strict diet for stage three chronic renal failure? Diet therapy is the foundation of all drug treatment, it is a very important part of the treatment of patients with chronic renal failure in principle. It not only keeps the patients in a good state of nutrition, but also can delay the progression of renal failure, prevent and reduce the metabolic disorder caused by renal failure, delay the time of dialysis and reduce the frenquency of dialysis. So, what is the strict diet of stage 3 chronic kidney renal failure?  

Stage 3 kidney disease diet should be less salty, should avoid hard food and soft food, fried, spicy food, such as sesame cake sugar, fried doughnuts, chili, liquor and other products, at the same time, should not eat high protein content seafood, such as sea cucumber, fish, yellow croaker, goby, mandarin fish, ham, chicken meat chicken, pigeon, quail, bird meat; eating dogs, sheep and cattle and other meat products should also be cautious. In addition, tongshantang hospital experts warm reminder: stage 3 kidney disease patients need to remember the following dietary notes: stage 3 kidney failure

Stage 3 kidney failure patients can choose high quality low protein diet: milk, egg, meat, fish, they contain essential amino acids are required for the body. The protein rich plant foods, such as peanuts, beans and products (tofu, tofu, bean curd, Soybean Milk etc.) should be used with caution.

Stage 3 kidney failure patients should add calories: patients daily supply heat not less than 30kcal/kg. Edible vegetable oil and sugar, and the surface was also contains inferior protein, thus encouraging patients can eat sweet potatoes, taro, potato, yam powder, lotus root powder etc.. At the same time should also pay attention to the supply of vitamin C, vitamin B, folic acid and iron containing foods. Recommended daily calorie intake: 35 to 45 calories per kilogram of body weight.

A low salt diet in stage 3 kidney failure patients, according to the condition of the restriction of sodium intake in 2 ~ 3g/d. Salt, MSG, soy sauce, tomato sauce, barbecue sauce contains large amounts of sodium, preserving and processing of canned sodium many. Therefore, daily life as far as possible the use of natural food, cooking can be more use of sugar, white vinegar, onions, ginger, garlic, spices, cinnamon, pepper, coriander, etc., to increase the palatability of food.

Limiting water: if the amount of urine discharged become less, the liquid get through the mouth in the body will cause the body edema, elevated blood pressure, or pulmonary edema. At this point, it is necessary to limit the daily fluid intake, usually oral intake of liquid is approximately equal to the total amount of 500cc.

Restricting the potassium potassium intake, as long as the amount of urine is more than 1000ml generally the water amount may not be restricted. The blood potassium is high, stage 3 kidney failure patients should choose less high potassium foods, such as seaweed, spinach, bamboo shoots, xuelihong, cornmeal, letinous edodes, cauliflower, spinach, spinach, bamboo shoots, carrot, mustard, loquat, guava, oranges, bananas, hard persimmon, longan and so on; and others include coffee, strong tea, chicken cattle, essence, ginseng extract, concentrated broth, soy sauce, salt, soy sauce, thin salt salt, salt and other half generation.

Limitation: in addition to taking phosphorus ion phosphate binders, for high phosphorus foods, such as dairy products, soft drinks, cola, yeast, dried beans, offal, whole grains (brown rice, whole wheat bread), eggs, dried fish, stage 3 kidney failure patients should not eat. Chronic renal failure hyperuricemia, stage 3 patients with chronic renal failure diet should be strictly controlled high purine foods, such as milk, egg yolk, animal offal, bone marrow, seafood, etc..

The content above is about the " the stage 3 kidney failure patients’ strict diet" .

 

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