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What are the patients with chronic renal failure diet taboo?

2017-02-16 16:25

Chronic renal failure is not an independent disease, but due to the progress of renal damage caused by various reasons of the deterioration of the performance of end-stage renal function, mainly due to the slow decline in the final metabolite retention, water, electricity and acid-base imbalance and the body system of clinical symptoms as the main manifestation of syndrome.

1 reduce protein intake. To meet the basic needs of the patient's body on the premise of protein, minimize protein intake, in order to minimize the burden on the kidneys. It is estimated that the daily intake of protein in patients with chronic renal failure is the appropriate amount of 0.5 grams per kilogram of body weight of 0.6 grams. Eating too much high protein foods will increase the burden on the kidneys, so that the increase in urea nitrogen; and protein intake will cause malnutrition, but also may cause increased serum creatinine.

2 eat vegetable protein. Eat all the food beans, bean products and other plant protein content is high, such as mushrooms, fungus, peanuts, melon seeds, etc.. Because the plant protein is the crude protein of plant protein the body's use rate is low, many human metabolic waste generated after eating vegetable protein, will increase the burden on the kidneys, the creatinine and urea nitrogen increased deterioration.

3 maintain a low salt diet. Patients with chronic kidney failure are often suffering from high blood pressure, a low salt diet helps prevent elevated blood pressure. For patients with edema, particularly a low salt diet, severe edema on the salt intake should be strictly limited. As for drinking water, if there is no obvious edema, you do not have to limit. Excessive restrictions on drinking water, for the protection of residual renal function is not good.

4 not eat spicy food. Try not to eat chili, pepper, curry, pepper, fennel, chocolate, melon seeds, peanuts and other easy to "get angry", also should avoid eating fish, clams, shrimp, crab and other seafood, five spice powder, aniseed, coriander, Toona sinensis. Because this kind of food is easy to cause blood pressure to rise, still can cause allergy.

5 Shensi high potassium food. Potassium is an important ion in human body, which is involved in metabolism and maintenance of cardiac contractility. Patients with chronic renal failure is prone to elevated blood potassium, so that the heart function is affected, severe cases can lead to cardiac arrest. The potassium in the body is mainly absorbed from food and excreted in the urine. Chronic renal failure, renal excretion function, the body of excess potassium can not be excreted from the urine, it will cause elevated blood potassium.


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