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Renal failure potassium diet

2017-01-06 18:33

Renal insufficiency, renal potassium excretion, the occurrence of hyperkalemia, may cause finger numbness, fatigue, limb weakness, chest tightness, severe cardiac arrest life-threatening. Therefore, patients with renal insufficiency should be strictly in accordance with the level of potassium to control potassium intake.

(a) when the blood potassium is normal, 24 hours urine volume in more than 1000 ml, can not be too much control.

(two) elevated blood potassium, urine volume of more than 1000 ml, should limit the intake of potassium in food, less than1.5 grams a day.

(three) blood potassium increased, the volume of urine in the following 1000 ml, should strictly control the intake of potassium.

(four) very few patients with early renal insufficiency, blood potassium is low, should be based on the situation of potassium potassium supplement or eat more foods containing potassium.

For example, the common food [k]
(1) per 100 grams of food, the potassium content was low, below 150 milligrams of food: onion, pumpkin, squash, melon, eggplant, watermelon, apple, pear, pineapple, kiwi.
(2) every 100 grams of food, the potassium content in the medium, 150 mg - about 250 mg of foods are: beans, taro, carrot, white radish, Chinese cabbage, cabbage, celery, garlic bolt, Suanhuang, onion, cucumber, gourd, bitter gourd, tomatoes, green peppers, muskmelon, orange.
(3) every 100 grams of food, high potassium content, in more than 250 mg of food: bean and pea (seedling), potato, taro, yam, lotus root, cabbage, rape, spinach, lettuce, garlic, green onions, cauliflower,mushrooms, letinous edodes, white fungus, black fungus, kelp, laver, peach, apricot, banana, longan, red dates, hawthorn and nuts etc..Note: the content of potassium is higher than that of fresh food.[note] elevated serum potassium, should prohibit the use of drugs containing potassium anad potassium sparing diuretics, such as Potassium Chloride Injection or Potassium Chloride Tablets, spironolactone.














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