The head of the human body is the most complex and mysterious of the headquarters. The intelligent brain is placed in it, relying on blood vessels to transport nutrients, so that our limbs and organs work properly, while leading us to live and work every ...
The head of the human body is the most complex and mysterious of the headquarters. The intelligent brain is placed in it, relying on blood vessels to transport nutrients, so that our limbs and organs work properly, while leading us to live and work every day. Interpersonal communication, etc.
At present, the incidence of cerebrovascular disease in various age groups, especially the middle-aged and elderly, is increasing year by year. Cerebrovascular disease is closely related to hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, lipid metabolism disorders and other diseases. The early diagnosis and differential diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease is of great significance.
Brain atrophy. A neuropsychiatric disease that shrinks due to organic changes in the brain tissue itself for various reasons. Brain atrophy includes brain atrophy in children. Adult brain atrophy is more common in the elderly. The main clinical symptom of atrophy is dementia, especially in the elderly.
Transient ischemic attack. As a result of atherosclerotic plaque small fragments scattered in the blood, or microemboli, into the cerebral circulation resulting in focal small infarction, temporary hemiplegia, monoplegia, sensory loss, aphasia. The symptoms and signs disappeared within 24 hours, but can be repeated.
Cerebral thrombosis. As a result of cerebral atherosclerosis, lumen stenosis, blood flow obstruction caused by focal cerebral infarction, the corresponding symptoms and signs, such as hemiplegia, aphasia, etc. More in the night or rest. The symptom can be aggravated within a few hours or even 1 ~ 2 days, and then gradually recovered.
Cerebral embolism. Blood clots or air, fat, parasite eggs, etc., enter the brain with blood flow, resulting in acute embolism, focal infarction, symptoms and signs, such as hemiplegia, monoplegia, aphasia, etc.
More commonly seen in rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve disease of young and adult patients, its valve exfoliation into embolus, resulting in cerebral embolism. Ischemic cerebrovascular disease of the skull CT scan can be seen low-density infarct focus. The treatment principles were vasodilator, calcium antagonist, antiplatelet aggregation agent and so on.
Attention: control of their blood pressure; Know if you have atrial fibrillation; Know if you have high cholesterol; If you have diabetes, controlling your blood sugar is the key. Adhere to regular participation in your favorite sports activities; Enjoy a low-salt, low-fat diet; Maintain a good state of mind, happy mood; Pay attention to the foreboding of stroke.
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