Many patients only hear that kidney disease is terrible, and may turn into uremia at the end, but it is not clear whether their condition is strict or not. In fact, there is an index that can be very simple and intuitive to judge whether your kidney funct...
Many patients only hear that kidney disease is terrible, and may turn into uremia at the end, but it is not clear whether their condition is strict or not. In fact, there is an index that can be very simple and intuitive to judge whether your kidney function is normal or not? How much is left? It's called glomerular filtration rate.
The most important function of the kidney is to filter the blood. The ability of the kidney to filter is reflected in the GFR. The level of GFR in healthy subjects was about 125 ml/min/1.73m. With the progression of the disease, the GFR of patients with nephropathy decreased gradually, and all kinds of symptoms appeared.
What does lower GFR mean?
GFR ≥ 90. Congratulations, your kidney function is relatively complete, can complete the daily detoxification work, this time the kidney disease often does not have any symptom, the majority patient passes the medical examination to be able to discover. It may also be accompanied by proteinuria.
GFR 60-89. your kidney function appears slight damage, still retain at least more than 60% kidney function, still can finish daily detoxification work reluctantly, appear early symptom gradually at this time, possibly have albuminuria. Eyelid swelling, there are still no obvious symptoms. Active treatment at this time, can effectively prevent the progress of the disease.
GFR 30-59. your renal function is moderately impaired, you can no longer complete your routine detoxification, and more than 2/3 of your kidney units may have been damaged. At this point, increased night-urine may occur and fatigue may occur. Symptoms such as edema, elevated blood pressure, etc.
GFR 15-29. your kidney function has been severely damaged, unable to complete the daily detoxification, this time may have skin pruritus, dizziness, fatigue, nausea and other symptoms, need to pay attention to hemoglobin, blood phosphorus. Blood potassium, albumin, etc. At this time, the purpose of treatment is to delay the progression of renal failure, prolong the time into dialysis.
GFR < 15. More than 85-90% of renal units were necrotic at this time. Severe edema, heart failure, hyperphosphatemia, hyperkalemia, hyperthyroidism may occur. Renal osteopathy and other complications. You need to start considering renal replacement therapy, including peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis or kidney transplantation.
Understand your kidney condition and possible symptoms in order to better treat and prevent. People need to adjust their diet according to their own circumstances, especially high phosphorus, potassium or high protein foods. All need special attention.
If you have any problems on nephritic syndrome or kidney disease, you can consult with our online doctor or send email to us: firstname.lastname@example.org