Chronic kidney disease is a gradual process, the process of the occurrence and development of renal function injury is also gradually, although the disease early, renal function can be completely compensated, but if you do not pay attention to diet, do no...
Chronic kidney disease is a gradual process, the process of the occurrence and development of renal function injury is also gradually, although the disease early, renal function can be completely compensated, but if you do not pay attention to diet, do not limit the intake of protein, without proper treatment, will emerge renal decompensation, eventually developed into uremia!
Limiting protein intake is the most important part of life style intervention.
Patients with renal insufficiency should be given high-quality albumin diet, while providing sufficient calories carbohydrates, edema patients should limit the intake of salt, under the guidance of doctors calcium supplement, if you need to limit the high potassium content of food, should be careful choice of fruits, vegetables!
Regular examination of renal morphology and function should be performed.
The kidney shape usually measured by B-ultrasound, can be observed without echo enhancement, hydrocephalus, atrophy, renal function can detect the serum urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, creatinine clearance, uric acid, urinary albumin, urease, detection can also be isotope.
Regular examination of these indicators can be used to determine the staging of renal disease, observe the follow-up progress of the disease, evaluate the effect of clinical treatment and prognosis, can also determine the dose of drug treatment, determine when to start the kidney instead of treatment.
We should treat the cause of renal insufficiency.
The main causes of the disease are renal primary diseases, such as chronic glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, polycystic kidney, etc..
Secondary kidney disease, such as hypertension nephropathy, diabetic nephropathy, lupus nephritis, obstructive nephropathy and drug induced interstitial nephritis, chronic glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis prone to young people, diabetic nephropathy, hypertensive nephropathy is prone to diabetes and hypertension in elderly patients, drug induced interstitial nephritis can occur in any age.
We should actively treat the complications of renal insufficiency.
Strive to alleviate proteinuria, control hypertension, control blood sugar and blood lipids, improve renal tissue perfusion, high pressure, high filtration phenomenon.
Early examination, early treatment, if the treatment is not timely, kidney function damage factors will continue to exist, renal function will continue to deteriorate, pay attention to the doctor under the guidance of medication, not blind medication, especially for kidney toxicity drugs.
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