diet for kidney disease
What should be noticed in the diet and life of patients with renal failure?

What should be noticed in the diet and life of patients with renal failure?

Kidney failure patient loses drainage, detox function, diet must control strictly ability to reduce complication occurrence. Below I talk about kidney failure patients diet and what should be noticed in life? Adequate intake of high quality protein. Patie...


Kidney failure patient loses drainage, detox function, diet must control strictly ability to reduce complication occurrence. Below I talk about kidney failure patient's diet and what should be noticed in life? 

Adequate intake of high quality protein. Patients with renal failure need to limit their intake of protein in order to lighten the kidney burden, which should be 1.2 grams per kilogram of body weight per day. The utilization rate of plant protein is low in vivo, and more nitrogen-containing waste is produced after metabolism, so it can not be consumed at will.

What should be noticed in the diet and life of patients with renal failure?

Control water intake. When kidney failure reduces urination, water accumulates in the body, cardiovascular system loads increase, systemic edema, weight gain, cough, lying down and breathing shortness, high blood pressure, heart failure, Complications such as pericarditis. Generally speaking, the daily water intake of patients with dialysis twice a week is 300ml plus the sum of 24h urine volume, the amount of water in anuria patients does not exceed 300ml; for those who dialysis three times a week, the daily influent volume is 500ml plus urine volume. No more than 500 ml of water per day for patients with anuria. Includes boiled water, porridge, milk, soup and beverages. Avoid drinking large amounts of water and gargle with water.

Control salt. Renal failure can not discharge water, salt, easy to cause edema aggravated hypertension. The patients with dialysis three times a week, the daily salt intake is about 4 g, the daily salt intake twice a week is about 3 g, and limit high sodium food.

Prevent hyperkalemia. Hyperkalemia may cause numbness of fingers, fatigue, weakness of limbs, chest distress, stiff tongue, difficulty in speaking, loss of consciousness, severe arrhythmia or cardiac arrest, Severe hyperkalemia often endangers the life of the patient, and potassium intake must be strictly restricted.

Maintain the balance of calcium and phosphorus. When calcium is insufficient, you can eat milk, calcium and vitamin D. phosphorus is present in most foods. High phosphorus foods: whole grains and cereals, viscera, drupe and sauce products, chocolate, egg yolk, milk, Intake of dairy products etc. Do not drink vegetable soup, broth. Calcium and other supplements: in addition to calcium supplements, zinc, iron, folic acid and adequate B vitamins.

Limit smoking, alcohol. Drinking alcohol can cause a disulfiram reaction if you are recently taking antibiotics such as cefosporium, metronidazole, ofloxacin, or insulin in people with diabetes. It can lead to serious alcoholism. The toxic effects of tobacco and alcohol are mainly on the kidneys and blood vessels. Smoking and drinking more alcohol will cause more damage to the kidney blood vessels, and earlier it will aggravate renal arteriosclerosis and promote glomerular sclerosis. Patients with normal renal function or high renal creatinine should quit smoking and drink strictly to avoid more kidney damage.

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