Now there is a common clinical phenomenon, is too dependent on drugs and surgical treatment, and ignore the importance of diet, and for patients with chronic disease, reasonable diet has become one of the effective means of treatment. In fact, through lon...
Now there is a common clinical phenomenon, is too dependent on drugs and surgical treatment, and ignore the importance of diet, and for patients with chronic disease, reasonable diet has become one of the effective means of treatment. In fact, through long-term observation on chronic kidney patient treatment and tracking will find out reasonable diet of patients often receive more satisfactory results, even a miracle.
Many patients have the wrong understanding, some believe that eat what make what is missing a lot of protein, you need to come back to eat, too much protein supplement not only make up for their lost ones, will accelerate the burden on the kidneys, accelerate the process of renal injury. There's even a little salt also dare not eat, resulting in inadequate intake of calories hyponatremia, effects of the disease.
For nephrotic patients, reasonable diet can not only reduce the burden on the kidney, but also reduce toxin damage to the kidneys, but also can avoid some complications, provide great help for clinical treatment. Most patients have varying degrees of water, electrolyte disorder, protein, fat, sugar metabolism disorders, so correct these disorder and disorder is the most basic in the treatment of chronic kidney disease. The protein, energy, water and reasonable intake is the key.
The supply of protein, depending on whether the patients with anemia, changes in blood urea nitrogen and urine protein and decide, generally 1 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. If the discharge amounts of protein in urine, and there is no obvious anemia and edema, and blood urea nitrogen close to the normal value. At this time the supply of protein should be the daily per kilogram of body weight increased to 1.5-2.0 grams, 100 grams of protein a day total. But the high biological value of animal protein, such as milk, dairy products, egg, fish, lean meat, eat less food staple food and beans.
Patients with nephrotic syndrome due to a large number of protein in the urine, plasma protein content decreased, and the rapid emergence of severe systemic edema, even pleural, peritoneal effusion. Therefore, these patients are advised to use a high protein diet, in order to improve the plasma colloid osmotic pressure, reduce or eliminate edema, beneficial to the body for rehabilitation. A weight of 60 kilograms with daily intake of 80-100 grams of high-quality protein, mainly in animal protein of high biological potency.
The diet should be supplied with inorganic salt and vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin C rich food B. Nephrotic syndrome often associated with renal dysfunction, especially when the ability to regulate sodium adverse, to prevent water and sodium retention, not to edema, avoid salt is necessary. When the patient is 24 hour urine volume less than 500 ml, it should strictly avoid salt. In patients with edema, oliguria or lack of appetite, should eat light digestible salt or low salt free diet.
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