The duration of hypertensive nephropathy is long and the etiology of symptoms is complicated, which has a great impact on the normal life of patients. It is very important to go to a regular hospital in time for treatment. However, during and after treatm...
The duration of hypertensive nephropathy is long and the etiology of symptoms is complicated, which has a great impact on the normal life of patients. It is very important to go to a regular hospital in time for treatment. However, during and after treatment, patients should also pay attention to diet to prevent improper diet from exacerbating the condition. Affect the curative effect. So what should the diet of hypertensive nephropathy patient notice?
Limit salt: edema and blood volume, sodium salt is a great relationship. Every 1 gram of salt can be brought into about 110 milliliters of water, hypertensive nephropathy patients such as excessive consumption of salt, but also impaired urination function, will often aggravate the symptoms of edema, blood volume increase, Cause heart failure, so hypertensive nephropathy must limit salt, give low salt diet. Daily salt intake should be controlled in 2 to 4 grams below, in case edema and blood volume increase, accident.
Eat more carbohydrates: elderly patients with hypertensive nephropathy often use high carbohydrates to supplement the body's calories, so the staple food plays an important role in the diet. In fact, a single staple food is not very reasonable in terms of nutrition. Miscellaneous food is more beneficial to health, should use as many varieties of staple foods, such as cornflour and rich powder to make hair cake or nest head rice porridge.
Restrict foods that contain high purine and high nitrogen: to lighten the burden on the kidneys, limit foods that stimulate kidney cells, such as spinach, celery, radish, beans, soy products, sardines and chicken broth, fish soup, Broth and so on. Because these foods contain high purine and nitrogen content, when kidney function is bad, its metabolite cannot be discharged in time, have negative effect on kidney function.
Avoid strong condiments: strong condiments such as pepper, mustard, coffee gallbladder, chili and so on are not good for kidney function. Monosodium glutamate should be consumed less because of thirst after eating more.
Vitamin supplementation: elderly patients with hypertension nephropathy should be given adequate vitamins, especially vitamin c, because elderly patients with hypertension nephropathy can have anemia, vitamin c supplementation can increase iron absorption, so should eat tomatoes, Green leaf vegetables, fresh jujube, watermelon, heart radish, cucumber, watermelon, citrus, kiwifruit and natural juice and other foods.
Limiting Plant protein: protein intake should be determined by renal function. Controlling protein intake can also achieve low phosphorus goals, typically 0.6 g / kg BW per day, half of which is high-quality protein, such as eggs, lean meat, Milk, etc.
Low fat diet: patients with elevated blood lipids should eat more foods rich in soluble fiber or polyunsaturated fatty acids in order to reduce blood lipids and delay the decline of renal function.
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