(1)sodium intake: when has edema should be low-salt diet, so as not to aggravate edema, the daily salt content is generally not more than 2g, dont take the salted foods, less use of MSG and alkali. When the edema is subsided, plasma protein near to normal...
(1)sodium intake: when has edema should be low-salt diet, so as not to aggravate edema, the daily salt content is generally not more than 2g, don’t take the salted foods, less use of MSG and alkali. When the edema is subsided, plasma protein near to normal level, can be restored to normal diet.
(2)protein intake: when has nephrotic syndrome, a large number of plasma protein excreted from the urine, human protein decreased and protein is in malnutrition, hypoproteinemia causes plasma colloid osmotic pressure decreased, resulting in stubborn refractory edema, and body resistance will decrease. Therefore, in the absence of renal failure, high quality protein diet (1 ~ 1.5g / kg * d) should be given in the early stage and the extreme stage, such as fish and meat, etc. This will help relieve Hypoalbuminemia and some complications. However, high-protein diet can increase renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate, glomerular capillaries is in a state of high pressure, while intake of large amounts of protein also makes urinary protein Increase, can accelerate the glomerular sclerosis.Therefore, for chronic, non-polar nephrotic syndrome patients should consume a small amount of high quality protein (0.7 ~ 1g / kg * d), as long as the occurrence of chronic renal damage , Should be low-protein diet (0.65g / kg * d).
(3),fat intake: patients with nephrotic syndrome often have hyperlipidemia, which can cause atherosclerosis and glomerular injury, hardening, etc. So the intake of animal internal organs, fat, some seafood rich in cholesterol and fat food should be limited.
(4) the addition of trace elements: patients with nephrotic syndrome due to increasing glomerular basement membrane permeability, losing a lot of protein in urine, and lose some trace elements and hormones which are bound to protein, resulting in human Calcium , Magnesium, zinc, iron and other elements lack, should be given appropriate supplements. General can eat vegetables, fruits, grains, etc. that are rich in vitamins and trace elements.
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