Here, the kidney specialist gives you a detailed direction. Nephrotic syndrome in daily care should pay attention to the following points: 1. rest: Rest properly to relieve kidney burden. The nephritic syndrome should be mainly based on bed...
Here, the kidney specialist gives you a detailed direction. Nephrotic syndrome in daily care should pay attention to the following points:
Rest properly to relieve kidney burden. The nephritic syndrome should be mainly based on bed rest. Bed rest can increase renal blood flow, is conducive to diuresis, and reduce exposure to the outside world, so as to prevent cross infection. But it should maintain moderate bed and bedside activities to prevent the formation of limb vascular thrombosis. When the nephrotic syndrome is relieved, it can gradually increase the activity, which is beneficial to reduce complications and reduce blood lipids.
2. diet nursing:
Limit water and salt intake, sodium intake is generally not more than 2G, protein intake should be based on high biological quality protein, kidney function is normal daily weight per kilogram of 0.8-1.0g. Ensure that the supply of heat per kilogram per day weight of 143.6KJ, while attention to a variety of vitamins and trace elements supplement.
3. skin care:
Keep the skin clean and dry, prevent edema, site damage and infection, and avoid prolonged pressure, often change body position. Avoid iatrogenic skin lesions. Use a small needle at the time of the injection and press the needle for a moment.
4. prevent infection:
Pay attention to oral care, brush your teeth every morning and evening, rinse your mouth after meals, avoid odor and stimulate the mouth. Cross infection prevention, regular ward disinfection, and avoid contact with patients with upper respiratory tract infections.
5. psychological care:
Patients often have fear, irritability, sadness, anxiety and other psychological disorders, which is not conducive to disease treatment and rehabilitation, family and nursing staff should be given psychological counseling in a timely manner to help patients recover.
6. clinical nursing:
Such as edema, proteinuria should rest in bed; eyelid and facial edema pillow should be slightly higher; severe edema should often change posture; pleural effusion should be semi supine; scrotal edema to use the support belt will hold the scrotum, low salt diet and given high calorie rich in vitamins. In renal insufficiency, because urea nitrogen metabolite retention in the body, stimulate the oral mucosa may cause oral ulcers, should strengthen the health care, with multi frequency saline gargle, maintain indoor air fresh, and reduce nursing staff etc..
7. medication care:
After using diuretics, attention should be paid to the response after medication, such as urine volume, body weight, skin elasticity. Withdrawal or change the mode of medication, must be under the guidance of the kidney specialist, can not be too hasty, can not be stopped suddenly, otherwise it will cause adverse consequences.
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