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What are the main manifestations of the nephrotic syndrome?

2017-09-21 15:58

There are many symptoms of nephrotic syndrome, the main symptoms are those? Presumably, patients with nephrotic syndrome and their families want to know more about it! What are the main symptoms of nephrotic syndrome? gives us a brief introduction.
Henoch purpura - Schonlein nephritis: good hair in the young, clinical may manifest as nephrotic syndrome, the main manifestations of the kidneys are purple purpura, abdominal pain, joint pain, and so on.
Diabetic nephropathy: Patients who have more than 10 years of diabetes, especially type 1 diabetes mellitus, have not received satisfactory control. A large number of proteinuria or nephrotic syndrome, examination of the eye fund the presence of micro, Early renal, increased volume, renal plasma flow and increased glomerular filtration rate or normal, late renal function decrease.
Amyloidosis: Renal amyloidosis has primary and secondary components, which are secondary to chronic infections (such as tuberculosis, leprosy or chronic pulmonary Fester), tumors, multiple myeloma and rheumatoid arthritis. Most patients had cardiac hypertrophy, arrhythmia, and insufficiency In the early stage of renal amyloidosis, proteinuria, usually 3 ~ 5 years of nephrotic syndrome, serum gamma globulin increased, hyperlipidemia is not obvious, combined with heart, liver, splenomegaly, cardiac, splenomegaly, giant tongue, and lichen - Diagnosis is not difficult. The diagnosis depends on the renal biopsy.
Systemic lupus erythematosus: lupus nephritis is more common in women 20 ~ 40 years, of which 20% ~ 50% presents the clinical manifestation of nephrotic syndrome. The patient has fever, skin rashes and joint pain , especially the erythema butterfly face has the diagnostic value. Anti - nuclear serum, anti - dsDNA, anti - SM antibody positive, Complement C3 decreased, serum protein A2 and gamma - globulin electrophoresis increased. The test is mainly increased by immunoglobulins IgG . Renal biopsy under light microscopy except for mesangial proliferation, lesion has persity characteristics.
Malignant tumors: all types of malignant tumors can cause nephrotic syndrome, even the first clinical manifestation of nephrotic syndrome. As breast cancer, lung cancer, gastric cancer, colon cancer and lymph diseases can often occur nephrotic syndrome. Therefore, patients with nephrotic syndrome should be examined comprehensively, if found that whole body, lymph node swelling, abdominal mass should be considered renal tumor caused by nephrotic syndrome, actively confirmed the diagnosis of primary tumor.

What are the main manifestations of the nephrotic syndrome

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