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What are the manifestations of nephrotic syndrome?

2017-05-31 09:58

1, amyloidosis: amyloidosis with primary and secondary points, the latter more secondary to chronic infections (such as tuberculosis, leprosy or chronic pulmonary suppuriation, etc.), tumors, multiple myeloma and class Rheumatoid arthritis. Most patients with cardiac hypertrophy, arrhythmia and heart failure, liver and spleen, giant tongue, the skin has moss-like mucus edema. Amyloidosis is only early proteinuria, usually 3 to 5 years of nephrotic syndrome, serum Γ globulin increased, hyperlipidemia is not obvious, combined with the heart, liver and spleen diagnosis is not difficult. Diagnosis depends on renal biopsy.

2, purpura nephritis: occur in young people, clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome, renal manifestations are mainly distal limbs, abdominal pain, joint pain and so on.

3, diabetic nephropathy: more than 10 years of diabetes in patients, especially diabetes type 1 and did not get satisfied with the control. There are a lot of proteinuria and nephrotic syndrome, fundus examination more than the existence of micro-aneurysm, early kidney volume increases, renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration rate increased or normal, late renal dysfunction.

4, systemic lupus erythematosus: lupus nephritis more common in 20 to 40-year-old women, of which 20% to 50% of the clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome. Patients with fever, rash and joint pain, especially facial butterfly erythema has diagnostic value. Serum anti-nuclear body, anti-DSDNA, anti-SM antibody positive, complement C3 decreased, serum protein electrophoresis A2 and Γ globulin increased. Immunoglobulin examination is mainly increased IGG. Renal biopsy in addition to mesangial proliferation, the lesion has a persity of characteristics.

5, malignant tumors: a variety of malignant tumors can cause nephrotic syndrome, and even nephrotic syndrome for early clinical manifestations. Such as breast cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer and lymphoproliferative diseases can often occur nephrotic syndrome. Therefore, patients with nephrotic syndrome should be a comprehensive examination, if found in the body lymph nodes, abdominal mass should take into account the tumor caused by nephrotic syndrome kidney, and actively confirmed the diagnosis of primary tumors.

Through the introduction of experts, we should also know that the disease of the disease this disease will bring you what harm, if a friend in his daily life found himself suffering from purpura nephritis, and accompanied by diabetic nephropathy, systemic erythema Lupus, or malignant tumors, it is necessary to doubt whether they suffer from this disease, be sure to the first time to the regular hospital for treatment, in order to be able to control the disease as soon as possible.

 

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