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How does nephritic syndrome appear oedema how to do?

2017-06-07 16:29

Most of the patients with nephrotic syndrome will appear edema, but more or less edema, will not only affect the appearance of the human body, but also on the human body metabolism will produce some obstacles, so for patients, should strengthen the following work I have edema explain in detail.

1. when there is edema, patients should record the abdominal circumference, body weight, urine routine 2~3 times a week, so that you can observe their body conditions.

Should pay attention to rest, 2 patients, especially for severe edema and hypertension patients need more rest; for mild patients, usually without strict restrictions on activities, according to the condition of appropriate arrangements for recreational activities, make the children happy.

3, patients in the kidney diet, should pay attention to ensure the calorie intake, generally for protein intake control at about 2g/kg per day is appropriate; and patients with edema, should be strictly prohibited edible salt.

4, when the patient appears edema, should pay attention to skin care work, keep the skin clean and dry, avoid bruising and compression, turn over regularly. The bedclothes should be soft. The hips and limbs may be cushioned with rubber, air cushion or cotton loops, conditioned to use the air cushion bed.

5, severe edema should avoid intramuscular injection of drugs due to severe edema often caused by drug retention, or malabsorption after injection pinhole extravasation leading to local, moisture, erosion or infection. The intramuscular injection must be strictly sterilized and the injection time should be longer after injection to prevent extravasation.

6, the edema of nephrotic syndrome in children, patients should be timely to prevent infection, try to let the children to avoid the cold, not to go to crowded places.

7, in the use of drugs for the treatment of edema, should observe the therapeutic effect and side effects of patients, observation of therapeutic efficacy and side effects, such as the use of immunosuppressive therapy, pay attention to the number of white blood cell loss, alopecia, gastrointestinal reaction and hemorrhagic cystitis.

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