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What are the main features of renal failure in the elderly?

2016-12-28 17:43
With the rapid growth of the elderly population, the number of elderly patients with renal failure is also increasing, the rapid development of the disease, complications, high mortality and age of onset of more than 60 years old. Elderly patients with symptoms, timely and correct treatment, is to stay away from disease, access to health.
The kidney is one of the important organs of the human body, when a variety of diseases lead to renal dysfunction, renal dysfunction occurs. As the age increases, the small arteries of the kidneys appear to be hyaline and gradually hardened. When suffering from hypertension, chronic glomerulonephritis, diabetic nephropathy, obstructive nephropathy, chronic pyelonephritis, polycystic kidney, kidney and prostate cancer, it can aggravate the progress of renal arteriosclerosis and glomerular sclerosis, caused by chronic renal insufficiency.
Chronic renal failure is the beginning of chronic renal failure, there may be a slight nitrogen. Often manifested as polyuria and nocturia, fatigue, anorexia, nausea and mild anemia and other symptoms. Elderly patients with renal failure, but if the body has an additional burden, such as colds, fever, urinary tract obstruction or use of nephrotoxic drugs, etc., can quickly appear renal failure and even uremia symptoms. Chronic renal insufficiency slow onset, long duration of the disease, but if the development of severe uremia, it is often difficult to reverse.
Prevention of renal failure in elderly patients, protection of renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease, to prevent recurrence of the disease, delayed the emergence of uremia is essential. This requires patients to develop a good habit of life, the emergence of disease, timely and correct treatment, better away from the trouble of renal failure, away from the disease, a better life, more happy family.
Acute renal failure due to the etiology and severity of the disease, the pathological manifestations are different. The general shape of the kidney swelling, edema, swelling of the cortex, pale color; deep color of the medulla, sometimes with small bleeding points. The disease is different, the treatment method is different, only according to the disease in a timely and correct treatment, in order to better prevention and treatment, to achieve good rehabilitation effect.
The following is the three types of renal failure, I hope you have some help, better get rid of the trouble of renal failure.
1 type: the proximal tubule epithelial cells showed fusion like necrosis, necrotic cells and exudate filled the lumen, severe damage to the tubule rupture. Distal convoluted tubules may also be involved, with necrosis and degenerative changes. There were different degrees of edema and inflammatory cell infiltration in the renal interstitium. Glomerular integrity.
2: in the early stage of ischemic shock, trauma caused by renal failure, no glomerular changes, proximal tubule vacuolar degeneration of tubular epithelial cells, cilia shedding, there may be severe renal tubular necrosis, necrotic areas surrounded by inflammatory cell infiltration, distal tubules and tube lumen expansion set, a tubular lumen.
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