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Symptoms and prevention of acute renal failure

2016-12-26 10:42
We need a comprehensive understanding of this disease in renal failure, usually have to pay attention to the prevention of. So, what are the symptoms of acute renal failure?
1, the initial stage of the disease. From the onset to low incidence of urinary disease, beginning period can vary with the primary disease, shock, renal artery thrombosis disease starting period, carbon tetrachloride poisoning caused by ureteral fibrosis around renal failure disease stage is longer.
2, less urine and no urine period. Adults less than 400 ml of urine per day, children less than 50 ml; although oliguria is an outstanding symptom of acute renal failure easily overlooked. This period average after 8 ~ 15 days, a few cases of renal cortical necrosis or severe tubular necrosis cases oliguria period can be longer. Few patients without urine. There is no urine, should be considered to have glomerulonephritis.
3, diuretic early. Diuretic is acute renal failure first improvement index. This period begins with daily urine volume exceeding 400ml and terminates when serum urea nitrogen no longer rises. Renal function recovery uneven and daily urine volume increased gradually from 100 to 500ml. How much urine, as oliguria and water retention. The daily urine volume can range from 1500ml to 4000ml.
4, diuretic late. This period begins when urea nitrogen falls first, until urea nitrogen is no longer declining, or has declined to normal.
5, recovery period. The period immediately before a period until the patients recover. The renal function recovered completely take months. If the renal tubular necrosis with extensive interstitial nephritis, can cause chronic renal damage. The sustainable anemia of weeks to months, some people claim to be a blood transfusion or erythropoietin to correct the anemia.
Patients suffering from kidney failure after the disease, renal function will appear rapid decline, we also want to do preventive work in the daily disease.
1, maintain nutritional balance, intake and discharge measurement records, weighing daily.
2, monitor blood pressure change.
3, to maintain the balance of the amount of liquid.
4, to eat a quantitative diet. Carbohydrate daily intake of at least 100 grams, but limit the intake of protein.
5, cautious medication. Make sure not to increase the burden on the kidneys. Drugs containing magnesium ions tend to be stopped. The type of medication and dosage of medication compliance.
Often life, need to pay attention to their kidney care, pay attention to more rest, pay attention to their heart and lung function changes, reasonable conditioning, so as to avoid the emergence of disease. Or to provide conditions for the treatment of disease, and ultimately improve the quality of life of patients with living standards.
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