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What are the dietotherapy methods of patients with renal fai

2016-12-31 15:28
The disease of kidney failure are very familiar with, but everyone in life is not life and pay attention to some of their eating habits, such as overeating often eating, or often stay up late, then often easy to cause renal failure disease such as renal failure, disease causing great harm, let kidney disease experts look, what are the therapeutic methods of patients with renal failure.
Recipe 1: acute oliguria Recipes (for short-term use)
Sugar 50 grams, 50 grams of glucose, dissolved in 800 ml of boiling water, add a small amount of fine plum or fresh lemon juice seasoning. 8 day feeding. From early 8 to 10 pm, every 2 hours to feed 100 ml. Full heating 400 thousand cards, the liquid volume of 800 ml.
Recipe 2: examples of oliguria remission recipes
If the patient daily urination volume of 400 ~ 500 ml, meals in addition to the diet according to the diet of 1, plus a food of three times. Example: breakfast drink milk (fresh milk 150 ml, sugar, 10 grams); lunch to eat steamed eggs (eggs, 50 grams); dinner drink milk (fresh milk of 150 grams, sugar, 10 grams). Daily heating capacity of 700 thousand cards, protein of 16 grams, into the liquid volume of 1200 ml.
Recipe 3: multiple urine recipes
Breakfast: milk (milk 250 grams, 10 grams of sugar), rice congee (rice 50 grams); snacks: fresh orange juice 1 cup (300 ml); lunch: soup (tomato 50 grams, egg 1, 100 grams of noodles); snacks: Apple 100 grams; dinner: wonton (25 grams of lean meat radish, 100 grams, 50 grams of flour, salt) as the condition may be. Daily heating 1 million 460 thousand cards, protein 43 grams, fat, 36 grams, carbohydrates, 232 grams, into the liquid volume of 1200 ml.
Symptoms of patients with acute renal failure
1, high blood pressure
About 80% of patients with acute nephritis may have hypertension, blood pressure was moderately increased, the adult is generally 18.7-22.7kPa/12.0-14.7kPa, occasionally more serious for the development of hypertensive crisis, but diastolic blood pressure is less than 16kPa. If blood pressure continued to rise, is a precursor to chronic nephritis, indicating that kidney lesions are more serious.
2, edema
Edema is usually the first symptom of onset, seen in 70% to 90% cases, ranging in severity. May only be eyelid edema, serious when can extend to the whole body, some patients will appear in hydrothorax, ascites and other symptoms. Edema generally in 2 ~ 3 weeks began to subside, urine volume will gradually increase.
3, systemic symptoms
In addition to the clinical manifestation, patients often have body discomfort, fatigue, back pain, frequent micturition, anorexia and other symptoms. Some patients are prodromal infection such as fever, sore throat, skin ulcers and other symptoms.
4, urine changes
40%~70% patients with gross hematuria; urine color such as meat or water samples such as black tea and soy sauce, about a turnover of microscopic hematuria. Microscopic hematuria disappeared within 6 months, but also sustainable L ~ 3 years before completely disappeared. The initial onset of urine volume significantly reduced, and even urine (full day urine volume less than 100m1), if more than 3 days without urine show serious condition, at this time often appear nitrogen qualitative blood disease; said renal function damage. In the recovery period, the urine volume gradually increased up to 2000ml, renal function can gradually return to normal.
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