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Examination method of kidney failure disease

2016-12-31 15:24
1 urine examination:
The proportion of urine in more than 1.018, when renal failure fixed in between 1.010~1.012. Nocturnal urine volume was greater than daytime urine volume.
The change of urine routine because the underlying diseases vary with the urine protein of red cells or tube can also be changed not obviously.
2 Determination of renal function
Glomerular filtration rate reduced creatinine clearance.
Renal scintigraphy and scintigraphy are helpful to understand renal function four other examination urinary system plain radiography or angiography renal biopsy helps to diagnose the disease.
The phenolsulfonphthalein excretion test and urine concentration and dilution test were all decreased.
The determination of abnormal water clearance.
3 blood tests:
Urea nitrogen creatinine increased.
Hemoglobin generally below 80g/L end stage can be reduced to 20-30g/L may be accompanied by thrombocytopenia or high white blood cells.
Plasma protein may be normal or decreased.
The arterial blood gas determination; late often pH value decreased ABSB and BE decreased PaCO2 showed a compensatory decrease
The determination of abnormal electrolyte.
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