Four major dietary complications of nephrotic syndrome
The clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome are massive proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hyperlipidemia and high edema. Diet treatment is very important. (1) limit: salt should be based on the patient degree of edema and edema, highly av...
The clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome are massive proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hyperlipidemia and high edema. Diet treatment is very important.
(1) limit: salt should be based on the patient degree of edema and edema, highly avoid salt, edema and not low salt (about 3 grams per day), and edema subsided plasma protein recovered to normal, can give normal diet.
(2) protein intake: nephrotic syndrome proteinuria excretion, hypoalbuminemia often result in decreased oncotic pressure, so that the edema stubborn resistance ', also decreased, so in the early stage of nephrotic syndrome, no cases of renal failure, should ensure that every adult daily about 0.7 ~ 1 g / kg protein intake, helps alleviate hypoproteinemia and consequent complications.
(3): fat in patients with nephrotic syndrome accompanied by hyperlipidemia. Mild lesions because patients may get better in the short term, the fat intake is not limited to; membranous nephropathy and other refractory nephrotic syndrome patients, long-term hyperlipidemia can cause arteriosclerosis, therefore, should limit the trotter, fat and rich in animal fats.
(4) the intake of vitamins, calcium and trace elements: due to the increase of glomerular basement membrane permeability in patients with nephrotic syndrome, the urinary protein loss except outside, at the same time the loss of some elements and binding proteins and hormones, can be indirectly caused by calcium, magnesium and zinc, which can be used for medicine or food supply.
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