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Stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD)

2017-05-14 16:30

Stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) The level of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a criterion for kidney function. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is pided into 5 stages, depending on the severity of kidney function and the level of GFR.

The GFR at the level of 90ml / min / 1.73m2 was adopted as the low limit of the norm, that is, the GFR rate above 90 ml / min / 1.73m2. The GFR value is less than 60ml / min, then more than 50% of nephrons can not function normally. If GFR is less than 15ml / mil, the kidney function is already severely impaired and dialysis is necessary.

CKD 1 st: renal involvement with normal or elevated GFR, 90 ml / min or more.

CKD 2 st: renal damage with GFR, 60-89 ml / min, the initial stage of CRF.

CKD 3 st: renal damage with an average degree of reduction in GFR, 30-59 ml / min, compensated stage CRF. At this stage, there is a headache, insomnia, decreased vision, itching and pain in the bones. At the same time, dyspeptic disorders may occur, for example, vomiting, diarrhea. Patients suffer from heart problems, from tachycardia and arrhythmia. If the kidney function continues to deteriorate, then various complications develop. For example, anemia and disruption of phosphorus-calcium metabolism, increasing the level of waste in the blood.

CKD 4 st: renal damage with a significant decrease in GFR, 15-29ml / min, decompensated stage of CRF. There are new symptoms, swelling, stomatitis, pleurisy.

CKD 5 st: renal dysfunction with terminal CRF, GFR less than 15ml / min. In this case, the kidney function will almost completely lose, if without effective treatment, then death occurs.

The main treatment of the disease helps slow the progression of CKD. And our hospital uses Micro-Chinese medicine Osmoterapiya in the treatment of CKD, and it is suitable for all pathologies of CKD, it can slow the progression of the disease.

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