First, the reasonable protein intake: the bodys metabolites mainly from the diet of protein components, therefore, in order to reduce the residual kidney workload, protein intake and renal excretion must be compatible. For example, when the serum creatini...
First, the reasonable protein intake: the body's metabolites mainly from the diet of protein components, therefore, in order to reduce the residual kidney workload, protein intake and renal excretion must be compatible. For example, when the serum creatinine 170 to 440 micromoles / liter, the protein per kilogram of body weight per day is 0.6 grams, a large number of proteinuria, each lost 1 gram of urine protein, an additional 1.5 grams of protein. When the serum creatinine more than 440 micromoles / liter, the protein intake should be further reduced to a total daily amount of not more than 30 grams is appropriate. But it must be stressed that if blindly pursue the limits of protein intake, will lead to renal insufficiency in patients with malnutrition, physical decline, the effect is not ideal.
Second, in a timely manner to supplement the body of energy required: In order to make the maximum intake of protein, not to be converted into energy consumption, while taking a low protein diet, but also must add energy. At least 35 kilograms of calories per kilogram of body weight per day, mainly by the sugar supply, can eat fruit, sugar products, chocolate, jam, honey and so on.
Third, the choice of carbohydrates: try to choose low protein content of starchy foods such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, yam, taro, lotus root starch, water chestnuts, pumpkin, fans, water chestnut powder.
Fourth, to reduce the intake of phosphorus-containing foods: Although some food in line with the previous conditions, such as egg yolk, floss, animal offal, dairy products, bone marrow, etc., but because of their high phosphorus content, renal insufficiency diet unfamiliar, because Phosphorus storage can lead to further deterioration of renal function. In order to reduce the amount of phosphorus in food, edible fish, meat, potatoes, etc., should first boiled soup and then further cooking.
5, according to the situation limit sodium and potassium intake: edema and hypertension, to limit the intake of sodium, according to the specific circumstances or low salt (3 grams per day of soy sauce or soy sauce 10 ml) or no salt, urine output (<1000 ml / day), the serum potassium increased, to properly control the high potassium content of food.
6, the amount of water depending on the condition: the chronic renal insufficiency patients, no edema and blood pressure is not high, can drink water, so that urine output of 2500 ml or more to ensure that the body of the day the metabolism of waste discharge, but edema, You should reduce the amount of drinking water, the amount of income into the.
7, reduce the use of kidney damage drugs: the excretion of kidney drugs may also damage the kidneys, such as gentamicin, sulfonamides antibiotics, penicillin, indomethacin, paracetamol and hormones, contrast agents, need to avoid taking such drugs. In addition, if there is high blood pressure, infection, but also to prevent these diseases on kidney damage.
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