Many patients with kidney disease will choose hemodialysis treatment, treatment we do not say here, mainly want to talk about how to hemodialysis patients how to diet, see the following description. Nephrology experts say hemodialysis patients should pay ...
Many patients with kidney disease will choose hemodialysis treatment, treatment we do not say here, mainly want to talk about how to hemodialysis patients how to diet, see the following description.
Nephrology experts say hemodialysis patients should pay attention to the following points in the diet:
① attention to the control of water intake. How much water intake is important for dialysis patients. In order to avoid excessive weight gain, the daily water intake is recommended to control the net weight of less than 5%, because uremic patients, urine output will be reduced, and the removal of water mainly by dialysis, so the drinks, soup intake Should be limited, and cooking dishes can be used to increase the way to increase the sense of thickening.
② lower blood lipids. Hyperlipidemia is the main reason for patients with cardiovascular disease, so cooking should be used to cook, steam, hot, avoid using honey, sweet and sour, tomato sauce, fried, fried and other high sugar, high oil, , It is possible to use olive oil which is rich in unit unsaturated fatty acids and has lower blood lipids.
③ reduce potassium, phosphorus, sodium electrolyte intake. Excessive potassium intake can cause dialysis patients with high potassium, arrhythmia, heart failure, etc., and hyperphosphatemia can cause dialysis patients hyperparathyroidism, will make the skin itchy. Therefore, the vegetables can be hot and then cooked to reduce the potassium intake, dried fruit foods such as pistachio rich in phosphorus, should eat less. To limit salt intake, to prevent high blood pressure and heart failure.
④ pay attention to high-quality protein absorption. Because the process of dialysis is to contain toxins in the blood through the arteriovenous fistula drainage to the dialysis machine and then flow back to the body, in the process of loss of protein, so the protein intake of high quality animal protein, such as: eggs, milk, fish , Lean meat, etc., daily diet should also pay attention to add iron, calcium, zinc, vitamin B and vitamin C food, you can also take the right amount of sugar to increase the heat.
In addition, if the dialysis patients have constipation, the blood potassium is more likely to be high, this time more intake of high fiber foods, not only can improve the constipation can also improve hyperlipidemia. In short, to grasp the quality of protein, the appropriate heat, low cholesterol, low phosphorus, low potassium, high iron, high fiber diet, limited water principle, in order to make dialysis patients more healthy.
Beijing's best kidney disease hospital for you, hemodialysis patients have to do:
① focus on physical exercise. We should pay attention to the patient's body clean, keep a good attitude to life, and actively participate in physical exercise, seasonal pay attention to increase or decrease clothes.
② ensure adequate sleep. Family members to encourage patients during the day to engage in some simple activities, such as doing housework, walking, etc., sleep at night to be adequate, so that patients have a regular life.
③ regular blood pressure measurement. Long-term treatment of hemodialysis patients with nephropathy, the pathogenesis of hypertension is a multi-factor, in the home care should be done several times the blood pressure measurement to monitor the physical condition of patients with dialysis, master the patient's condition.
④ pay attention to psychological counseling. Psychological counseling, to create a good family atmosphere will make dialysis patients feel happy, feel warm. Because some dialysis patients will be accompanied by varying degrees of other organs of the damage, blindness, neuritis, cardiac dysfunction and other complications, so that their physical and mental pain unspeakable, often lead to their temper, feel depressed. In daily life, to observe more, ask more, more comfort, more encouragement, more exchanges, for dialysis patients to do psychological enlighten, so that they relax the spirit of early rehabilitation.
Above is the experts of the Department of Nephrology on hemodialysis dietary focus of the introduction, hope to help you, if you have other kidney disease-related questions need to answer, please click on the online consultation, experts will answer your details.
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