Many patients with kidney disease after entering the late, will be accompanied by the emergence of some of its complications, in these complications, uremia is the most common one, and the harm caused by uremia is also very great , Then pat...
Many patients with kidney disease after entering the late, will be accompanied by the emergence of some of its complications, in these complications, uremia is the most common one, and the harm caused by uremia is also very great , Then patients with uremia in the treatment period, in order to ensure the greatest therapeutic effect, but also how to adjust their daily diet it!
1, diet rich in vitamin foods to be easy to digest and contain plenty of vitamins, especially vitamin B, C, D. To avoid rough food on the digestive tract of mechanical damage caused by gastrointestinal bleeding. Azotemia patients with good appetite, the heat should not be less than 35 grams per kilogram of body weight, but to the uremic period can only be seen as the patient's appetite. If the patient a lot of urine, edema is not obvious, generally do not limit the amount of water, which is uremic diet should pay attention.
2, timely replenishment of water, urine uremia patients prone to dehydration and hyponatremia, especially long-term loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea in patients is even more so. In the event of a timely supplement. But should pay attention to uremic patients with poor water tolerance, sodium can not be excessive, so as not to cause hypernatremia or water poisoning.
3, low-protein diet mainly in azotemia and uremic patients should be mainly low-protein diet, and the protein to contain essential amino acids in animal protein-based, such as milk, eggs, fish, Lean meat and so on. Daily protein intake of 20 grams. This will not only ensure the supply of amino acids necessary for the body, but also make the body in the case of low protein supply non-protein nitrogen synthesis of non-essential amino acids, thereby reducing azotemia, uremic diet should also pay attention to this aspect.
Uremic patients bogey high potassium diet
When uremic patients with glomerular filtration rate decreased to 20-25ml / min or lower, the ability of renal potassium gradually decreased, this time prone to hyperkalemia, potassium is to maintain human body acid and alkali balance of important substances , The body potassium content is too high, will lead to bradycardia, conduction block, ventricular fibrillation, and even lead to sudden cardiac arrest and life-threatening.
When uremic patients with glomerular filtration rate decreased to 20-25ml / min or lower, the ability of renal drainage gradually decreased, this time prone to hyperkalemia; especially excessive potassium intake, acidosis, Infection, trauma, gastrointestinal bleeding and other circumstances, it is difficult to maintain the balance of potassium metabolism, more prone to hyperkalemia. Therefore, uremic patients should be strictly limited to the intake of high potassium diet, but it is worth noting that regular review of potassium, to avoid the prevention of hyperkalemia at the same time hypokalemia.
Then the daily recipes, the high potassium foods which? ① cereals: whole grains, germ; ② milk: all kinds of flavored breast milk; ③ meat: poultry, fish and lean potassium is also high; Vegetables: banana, citrus, orange, fresh orange juice, etc .; ⑦ nuts: especially hazelnut, especially the hazelnut, Cashews, pumpkin rice, roasted sweet potatoes, raisins and canned pickled products; ⑨ no salt soy sauce.
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