Mental disorders associated with kidney disease refer to acute and chronic renal insufficiency and renal encephalopathy caused by various kidney diseases, including mental disorders and neurological symptoms associated with dialysis, kidney transplantatio...
Mental disorders associated with kidney disease refer to acute and chronic renal insufficiency and renal encephalopathy caused by various kidney diseases, including mental disorders and neurological symptoms associated with dialysis, kidney transplantation, conscious disorder, depressive state and neurasthenic syndrome.
Symptomatic neurasthenic syndrome: Most of them are initial symptoms, which often appear in the early stage of renal failure and hypernitrogenemia, and depression is a mixture of depression and anxiety; disturbance of consciousness, transition from drowsiness to coma; personality changes : Irritability, lack of courtesy, violation of social ethics, etc.; some show a state of stupor called uremic coma or renal coma; dementia often occurs in chronic renal failure.
Symptoms of the nervous system: headache, nausea, vomiting, epileptiform spasm are common, and common neuritis, pterygoid tremor and tetany symptoms of cranial nerve damage, facial paralysis eyeball tremor pupil changes,Visual and / or hearing impairment tendon hyperreflexia or slow meningeal irritation sign and pyramidal tract sign cerebellar paralysis and so on. Even may have subdural hematoma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral hemorrhage and so on.
Mental disorders: It is the first symptom of renal encephalopathy and is more common than neurological symptoms. Once it appears, it can be used as an early symbol of renal encephalopathy, and it is also one of the indicators of the efficacy and prognosis of uremia; mental disorders of nephrotic encephalopathy may fluctuate easily during the entire course of the disease. Several psychiatric symptoms are often interwoven and intricate. Repeated attacks tend to occur.
In case of nephropathy, it is necessary to establish confidence, maintain a good attitude and cooperate with doctors to carry out comprehensive treatment based on rest, diet and medicine. Family members provide guidance and encouragement to patients and do not immerse them in negative emotions.
Patients with edema and hypertensive renal insufficiency should rest more, not to say that they must be absolutely bedridden, and they can properly engage in some minor activities. Kidney most taboo salt, nephritis patients diet should first limit salt, followed by protein intake should be controlled in a low-protein diet, can increase the intake of carbohydrates, eat more fruits and vegetables, pay attention to supplement the body necessary vitamins .
Should work closely with the doctor, follow the doctor's advice, adhere to medication, do not arbitrarily reduce the amount, do not arbitrarily change drugs and withdrawal. These are especially important for patients with hormones and cytotoxic drugs, otherwise they may cause the disease to worsen or have serious consequences.
To observe the progression of renal lesions by routine routine blood and urine routine, 24 hours urinary protein quantitative creatinine and muscle liver clearance.
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