The reason why the complications are terrible is not only to damage the kidney, aggravate the disease, but also to involve many organs and tissues, which seriously threaten the patients health. Nephrotic syndrome develops with pathological changes and res...
The reason why the complications are terrible is not only to damage the kidney, aggravate the disease, but also to involve many organs and tissues, which seriously threaten the patient's health.
Nephrotic syndrome develops with pathological changes and results in a decrease in plasma protein levels, especially albumin, resulting in a decrease in plasma colloidal osmotic pressure. Cause tissue edema and effective blood volume drop. So there are urinary protein, swelling and other phenomena. So what complications will occur?
Since infection is one of the complications of patients with nephrotic syndrome, it will definitely aggravate the condition, respiratory tract infection, skin infection, peritonitis and other infections, are the most common infection symptoms, infection control is also one of the measures to prevent complications.
Some patients, if not standardized treatment, may also appear renal failure, resulting in insufficient effective blood circulation, others because of a long period of salt water restriction or use of strong diuretics or co-infection, need timely treatment.
Blood concentration (decrease of effective blood volume) and hyperlipidemia resulted in increased blood viscosity. In addition, due to the loss of some proteins from urine, liver compensatory synthetic protein increased, resulting in blood coagulation, anticoagulant and fibrinolytic system imbalance; In addition, excessive platelet activation in nephrotic syndrome, the use of diuretics and glucocorticoids further exacerbates the hypercoagulable state, easy to cause thrombus, embolism complications.
Nephrotic syndrome patients can lead to the decrease of renal blood flow due to insufficient effective blood volume, induce prerenal azotemia, and lead to acute renal injury.
Chronic hypoproteinemia can lead to malnutrition, growth retardation in children, and hypoimmunity due to reduced immunoglobulin.
Although nephrotic syndrome can cause these serious complications, do not panic too much, as long as appropriate preventive measures will reduce the incidence of these complications.
Patients with nephrotic syndrome are often accompanied by gastrointestinal mucosal edema and ascites, which affect digestion and absorption.
Due to the large loss of urine protein and the low protein level in the body, it is suggested to choose a high quality protein diet. Most of the patients with nephrotic syndrome have hyperlipidemia, so animal fat intake should be restricted, and unsaturated fatty acids and vegetable oils should be used more in the diet.
High edema limit sodium intake, daily intake of salt less than 3 grams, appropriate supplemental trace elements.
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